European Employment Policy
The European Employment Strategy (EES) was included in the 1997 Treaty of Amsterdam to accompany the newly completed Single Market and the advanced preparations for the European Monetary Union. It constitutes the core of European employment policy. The entry examines how and why the EES came into being and the employment policy challenges it has focused on since its inception until today. It looks at some of the labour economics underpinning it and at what the EES but also other employment policies have been able to achieve in the EU, especially since the economic and financial crisis of 2008.
The author would like to thank Carola Bouton, Lieselotte Fürst, Cristina Martinez Fernandez and Tim Van Rie for valuable contributions to this entry.
This is written in a personal capacity and does not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission.
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