The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Political Economy of Institutional Change: Illustrations from the Ottoman Empire

  • Metin M. Coşgel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_3021

Abstract

This article sheds light on the political economy of the Ottoman Empire through the lens of its policy on tax collection and technology adoption. Like all rulers, the Ottomans were constrained in their abilities to implement economic policies as they wished. In addition to having limited resources and technology, they faced political constraints that altered the feasibility, desirability and outcomes of economic policies. In taxation, they allowed the tax bases and rate structures to vary significantly across regions to balance revenue maximisation with political power. In technology, despite adopting advancements in military technology immediately, they waited almost three centuries to fully sanction the printing press because it would have undermined the ability of religious authorities to confer legitimacy.

Keywords

Conquest Constraints Fiscal regime Legitimacy Loyalty Political economy Power Religion State Taxation 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Coşgel, M.M. 2005. Efficiency and continuity in public finance: The Ottoman system of taxation. International Journal of Middle East Studies 37(4): 567–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Coşgel, M.M. 2015. The fiscal regime of an expanding state: Political economy of Ottoman taxation. In Fiscal regimes and the political economy of premodern states, ed. A. Monson and W. Scheidel. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Coşgel, M.M., and T.J. Miceli. 2005. Risk, transaction costs, and government finance: The distribution of tax revenue in the Ottoman Empire. Journal of Economic History 65(3): 806–821.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coşgel, M.M., and T.J. Miceli. 2009. State and religion. Journal of Comparative Economics 37: 402–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Coşgel, M.M., T.J. Miceli, and J. Rubin. 2012. The political economy of mass printing: Legitimacy, revolt and technological change in the Ottoman Empire. Journal of Comparative Economics 40: 357–371.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Coşgel, M.M., B. Ergene, H. Etkes, and T.J. Miceli. 2013. Crime and punishment in Ottoman times: Corruption and fines. Journal of Interdisciplinary History XLIII(3): 353–376.Google Scholar
  7. Pamuk, S. 2012. Political power and institutional change: Lessons from the Middle East. Economic History of Developing Regions 27(s1): S41–S56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Metin M. Coşgel
    • 1
  1. 1.