The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)

  • Alan Swinbank
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_2980

Abstract

The EU’s CAP has changed significantly over the years, largely as a result of international pressure through GATT and the WTO, but it still has the support of farm incomes as its main concern. The old CAP of market price support has more or less been displaced by decoupled income support, in the shape of the Single Payment Scheme. Cross compliance applies, addressing concerns about European agriculture’s multifunctionality; and there is a renewed anxiety about food security. The CAP’s Second Pillar, with targeted support for rural development and environmental protection, plays a subsidiary role.

Keywords

Agriculture CAP Common Agricultural Policy Decoupled payments EU Farm income Food security General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade GATT Multifunctionality Rural development Second Pillar World Trade Organization WTO 

JEL Classifications

F13 F15 Q18 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Commission of the European Communities. 1991. The development and future of the CAP, Reflections Paper of the Commission. COM(91)100. Brussels: Commission of the European Communities.Google Scholar
  2. Commission of the European Communities. 1998. Proposals for Council regulations (EC) concerning the reform of the common agricultural policy, COM(1998)158. Brussels: Commission of the European Communities.Google Scholar
  3. Croome, J. 1999. Reshaping the world trading system: A history of the Uruguay Round. The Hague: Kluwer Law International.Google Scholar
  4. Cunha, A. with Swinbank, A. 2011. An inside view of the CAP reform process: Explaining the MacSharry, Agenda 2000, and Fischler reforms. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Daugbjerg, C., and A. Swinbank. 2009. Ideas, institutions and trade: The WTO and the curious role of EU farm policy in trade liberalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. European Commission. 2004. Chapter 7Agriculture. Enlargement Archives. http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/archives/enlargement_process/future_prospects/negotiations/eu10_bulgaria_romania/chapters/chap_7_en.htm. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
  7. European Commission. 2006. The leader approach – A basic guide. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.Google Scholar
  8. European Commission. 2010a. The CAP towards 2010: Meeting the food, natural resources and territorial challenges of the future, COM(2010)672. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  9. European Commission. 2010b. Rural development in the European Union statistical and economic information report 2010. Brussels: European Commission.Google Scholar
  10. European Commission. 2011a. 2011 Budget online, Title 0.5. http://eur-lex.europa.eu/budget/data/LBL2011/EN/SEC03.pdf. Accessed 9 Feb 2011.
  11. European Commission. 2011b. Indicative figures on the distribution of aid, by size-class of aid, received in the context of direct aid paid to the producers according to Council Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 and Council Regulation (EC) No 73/2009 (financial year 2009). http://ec.europa.eu/agriculture/fin/directaid/2009/annex1_en.pdf. Accessed 7 Feb 2011.
  12. Harris, S., A. Swinbank, and G. Wilkinson. 1983. The food and farm policies of the European community. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
  13. Hill, B. 2000. Farm incomes, wealth and agricultural policy. 3rd ed. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  14. Josling, T.E., S. Tangermann, and T.K. Warley. 1996. Agriculture in the GATT. Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Knudsen, A.-C.L. 2009. Farmers on welfare: The making of Europe’s common agricultural policy. London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Nugent, N. 2010. The government and politics of the European Union. 7th ed. Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Senior Nello, S. 1984. An application of public choice theory to the question of CAP reform. European Review of Agricultural Economics 11: 261–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thomson, K., P. Berkhout, and A. Constantinou. 2010. Balancing between structural and rural policy. In EU policy for agriculture, food and rural areas, ed. A. Oskam, G. Meester, and H. Silvis. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Swinbank
    • 1
  1. 1.