The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Taste-Based Discrimination

  • Kerwin Kofi Charles
  • Jonathan Guryan
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_2977

Abstract

Economists typically account for differences in economic outcomes between ethnic groups with explanations having to do with differences in skill, explanations emphasizing informational problems associated with accurately assessing skill, as in statistical discrimination models, or explanations that rely on the presence of prejudice, the key element of taste-based discrimination models. This article defines taste-based discrimination and briefly outlines the economics of associated models. It discusses empirical implications of these models, and reviews empirical tests from the literature. It speculates about possible avenues for future research likely to enrich the insights forthcoming from the standard taste-based model. Although this article focuses on discrimination arising from racial prejudice, taste-based discrimination subsumes negative preferences towards groups of individuals of many alternative types, including different age, gender or religious groups.

Keywords

Discrimination Prejudice Race Segregation Taste-based model Wage levels 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Allport, G.W. 1954. The nature of prejudice. Reading: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  2. Arrow, K. 1972. Some mathematical models of race in the labor market. In Racial discrimination in economic life, ed. A.H. Pascal, 187–204. Lexington: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  3. Banaji, M.R., and A.G. Greenwald. 1995. Implicit gender stereotyping in judgments of fame. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 68: 181–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Becker, G.S. 1971. The economics of discrimination, 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bertrand, M., and S. Mullainathan. 2004. Are Emily and Greg more employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A field experiment on labor market discrimination. American Economic Review 94(4): 991–1013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Black, D.A. 1995. Discrimination in an equilibrium search model. Journal of Labor Economics 13(2): 309–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Charles, K.K., and J. Guryan. 2007. Prejudice and the economics of discrimination, NBER Working Paper No. 13661. Cambridge, MA: NBER.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Charles, K.K., and J. Guryan. 2008. Prejudice and wages: An empirical assessment of Becker’s the economics of discrimination. Journal of Political Economy 116(5): 773–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Coate, S., and G.C. Loury. 1993. Will affirmative-action policies eliminate negative stereotypes? American Economic Review 83(5): 1220–1240.Google Scholar
  10. Fiske, S.T. 1998. Stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination. In The handbook of social psychology, ed. D.T. Gilbert, S.T. Fiske, and G. Lindzey. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Goldberg, M.S. 1982. Discrimination, nepotism, and the long-run wage differential. Quarterly Journal of Economics 97(2): 307–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Greenwald, A.G., D.E. McGhee, and J.K.L. Schwartz. 1998. Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 74: 1464–1480.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Heckman, J.J. 1998. Detecting discrimination. Journal of Economic Perspectives 12(2): 101–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lang, K., M. Manove, and W. Dickens. 2005. Racial discrimination in labor markets with posted wage offers. American Economic Review 95(4): 1327–1340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Loury, G.C. 2002. The anatomy of racial inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Myrdal, G. 1944. An American dilemma: The Negro problem and American democracy. New York: Harper & Brothers.Google Scholar
  17. Neal, D.A., and W.R. Johnson. 1996. The role of premarket factors in black–white wage differences. Journal of Political Economy 104(5): 869–895.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Phelps, E.S. 1972. The statistical theory of racism and sexism. American Economic Review 62: 659–661.Google Scholar
  19. Price, J., and J. Wolfers. 2007. Racial discrimination among NBA referees, NBER Working Paper No. 13206. Cambridge, MA: NBER.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sherif, M., O.J. Harvey, B.J. White, W.R. Hood, and C.W. Sherif. 1961/1988. The Robbers Cave experiment: Intergroup conflict and cooperation. Middletown: Wesleyan University PressGoogle Scholar
  21. Tajfel, H. 1981. Human groups and social categories: Studies in social psychology. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Tajfel, H., C. Flament, M. Billig, and R. Bundy. 1971. Social categorization and intergroup behavior. European Journal of Social Psychology 1(2): 149–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Taylor, S.E. 1981. A categorization approach to stereotyping. In Cognitive processes in stereotyping and intergroup behavior, ed. D.L. Hamilton, 83–114. Hillsdale: Elrbaum.Google Scholar
  24. Wittenbrink, W., C.M. Judd, and B. Park. 1997. Evidence for racial prejudice and the implicit level and its relationship with questionnaire measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 72: 262–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kerwin Kofi Charles
    • 1
  • Jonathan Guryan
    • 1
  1. 1.