The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Corporatism

  • Joseph Halevi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_283

Abstract

Corporatism is a set of political doctrines aimed at organizing civil society on the basis of professional and occupational representation in chambers called Estates or Corporations. It maintains that class conflict is not inherent in the capitalist system of production and ownership relations. Corporatism has its ideological roots mainly in 19th-century French and Italian Catholic social thought, as well as in German romanticism and idealism. Corporative ideas can be found in eminent European thinkers. Hegel, in his Philosophy of Right, thought of a corporate structure in which the Estates constituted the link between civil society and the State (Hegel 1821). In France, Durkheim put forward a view of corporatism specifically related to the division of labour engendered by modern industry. According to Durkheim, the Corporations’ task is to diversify at the level of each industry the general principles of industrial legislation formulated by the political assemblies (Durkheim 1893).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. Camp, R. 1969. The papal ideology of social reform. A study in historical development, 1878–1967. Leiden: E.J. Brill.Google Scholar
  2. Durkheim, E. 1893. The division of labour in society. London: Macmillan, 1933.Google Scholar
  3. Erickson, K. 1977. The Brazilian Corporate State and working class politics. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  4. Hegel, G. 1821. Hegel’s philosophy of right. London: Oxford University Press, 1967.Google Scholar
  5. Kuczynski, J. 1945. Germany: Economic and labour conditions under fascism. New York: International Publishers.Google Scholar
  6. Mancini, O., F. Parillo, and E. Zagari. 1982. La teoria economica del corporativismo. Naples: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane.Google Scholar
  7. Marlo, K. 1885. Untersuchungen über die Organisation der Arbeit. Tübingen.Google Scholar
  8. Neumann, F. 1944. Behemoth; the structure and practice of national socialism, 1933–1944. New York: Octagon Books.Google Scholar
  9. Rossi, E. 1955. Padroni del vapore e fascismo. Bari: Laterza.Google Scholar
  10. Salvemini, G. 1936. Under the axe of fascism. New York: Viking Press.Google Scholar
  11. Sraffa, P. 1922. The bank crisis in Italy. Economic Journal 32: 178–197.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Togliatti, P. 1970. Lectures on fascism. New York: International Publishers, 1976.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Halevi
    • 1
  1. 1.