The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Egalitarianism

  • Harry Brighouse
  • Adam Swift
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_2710

Abstract

This article surveys a variety of egalitarian theories. We look at a series of different answers to the question of what the metric of justice should be. Then we survey different interpretations of the egalitarian distributive rule, including ‘equality’, ‘prioritizing benefit to the least advantaged’ and ‘sufficiency’. Theories also differ by whether they see equality as properly holding within social institutions or being a principle that applies more cosmically. Finally, we observe that egalitarian theories differ as to the weight they grant to egalitarian values relative to other values.

Keywords

Compensation Distributive justice Dworkin, R Egalitarianism Envy Equality Equality of capabilities Equality of opportunity Equality of resources Happiness Interpersonal well-being comparisons Justice Luck egalitarianism Opportunity cost Positional goods Prioritarianism Property rights Rawls, J Relational egalitarianism Sen, A Sufficientarianism Value pluralism Welfare Well-being 
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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harry Brighouse
    • 1
  • Adam Swift
    • 1
  1. 1.