Reference work entry
Some European countries banished convicts to labour in overseas colonies – sometimes using private markets to transport and employ this labour.
KeywordsColonialism Convict labour International migration Labour contracts Migration, international
- Coldham, P. 1992. Emigrants in chains. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing.Google Scholar
- Ekirch, A. 1987. Bound for America: The transportation of British convicts to the colonies, 1718–1775. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Nicholas, S. (ed.). 1988. Convict workers: Reinterpreting Australia’s past. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
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