The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Gender Differences (Experimental Evidence)

  • Catherine C. Eckel
Reference work entry


Laboratory experiments find differences between women and men in three main areas: altruism, risk aversion and competition. The types of experiments and findings are described, and findings summarized. These results parallel similar findings in other social sciences, and are consistent with observed differences in the field.


Altruism Altruism in experiments Charitable giving Competition Cooperation Dictator game Experimental economics Gender differences Gender gap Overconfidence Preference elicitation Risk aversion Social dilemma Ultimatum game Women’s work and wages 

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine C. Eckel
    • 1
  1. 1.