The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Ancient Greece, The Economy of

  • Paul Cartledge
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_2252

Abstract

There were many ‘economies’ rather than a single ‘economy’ in ancient Greece (a culturally interlinked world, c. 800–300 BCE, stretching across the Mediterranean basin and around the Black Sea). Except in Athens, agriculture (cereals, olives, grapevines, and the raising of small-stock animals – sheep, goats, pigs) predominated over trade and industry as an economic driver. The Greeks did not invent coinage but spread it and embedded it, and although they were thoroughly familiar with the idea of markets and market prices, they did not develop a market economy.

Keywords

Ancient economy Oikos ‘Primitivists’, ‘modernists’ Finley, Moses Athens Sparta ‘Proxy data’ Mediterranean triad Agriculture Grain Olive oil Wine Trade, local, regional and inter-regional Manufacture Technology Slavery Money, coined and non-coin Markets 

JEL Classifications

B11 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Andreau, J. 2002. Twenty years after Moses I. Finley’s The Ancient Economy. In Scheidel and von Reden, 2002.Google Scholar
  2. Archibald, Z., J.K. Davies, V. Gabrielsen, and G.J. Oliver (eds.). 2001. Hellenistic economies. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  3. Archibald, Z., J.K. Davies, and V. Gabrielsen (eds.). 2005. Making, moving and managing: The new world of ancient economies, 323-31 B.C. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Austin, M., and P. Vidal-Naquet. 1977. Economic and social history of ancient Greece: An introduction. London: Batsford.Google Scholar
  5. Burford, A. 1972. Craftsmen in Greek and Roman society. London/New York: Thames & Hudson.Google Scholar
  6. Cartledge, P.A. 1997. Introduction. In Hellenistic constructs: Essays in culture, history and historiography, ed. P. Cartledge, P. Garnsey, and E. Gruen. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cartledge, P.A. 2002. The economy (economies) of ancient Greece. In Scheidel and von Reden, 2002.Google Scholar
  8. Cartledge, P.A., E.E. Cohen, and L. Foxhall (eds.). 2002. Money, labour and land. Approaches to the economies of ancient Greece. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  9. Cohen, E.E. 1994. The Athenian economy: A banking perspective. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Dal Largo, E., and C. Katsari (eds.). 2007. Slave systems, ancient and modern. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Davies, J.K. 1998. Ancient economies: Muddles and models. In Trade, traders and the ancient city, ed. H. Parkins and C. Smith. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  12. Finley, M.I. 1973. The ancient economy. Berkeley: University of California Press. (Latest edition by I. Morris, 1999).Google Scholar
  13. Foxhall, L. 2007. Olive cultivation in ancient Greece: Seeking the ancient economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Garland, R. 2001. The Piraeus, 2nd ed. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.Google Scholar
  15. Garnsey, P., K. Hopkins, and C.R. Whittaker (eds.). 1983. Trade in the ancient economy. London: Chatto & Windus.Google Scholar
  16. Hansen, M.H., and T.H. Nielsen. 2004. An inventory of archaic and classical Greek Poleis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Howgego, C. 1995. Ancient history from coins. London/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Landels, J.G. 1978. Engineering in the ancient world. London: Chatto & Windus.Google Scholar
  19. Lauffer, S. 1979. Die Bergwerkssklaven von Laureion, 2nd ed. Stuttgart: F. Steiner.Google Scholar
  20. Luraghi, N., and S.E. Alcock (eds.). 2003. Helots and their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, ideologies, structures. Washington, DC: Center for Hellenic Studies.Google Scholar
  21. Manning, J.G., and I. Morris (eds.). 2005. The ancient economy: Evidence and models. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Mattingly, D.J., and J.B. Salmon (eds.). 2001. Economies beyond agriculture in the classical world. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  23. Meikle, S. 2002. Modernism, economics and ancient history. In The ancient economy, ed. W. Scheidel and S. von Reden. New York: Routedge.Google Scholar
  24. Moreno, A. 2007. Feeding the democracy: The Athenian grain supply in the fifth and fourth centuries BC. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Parkins, H., and C.J. Smith (eds.). 1998. Trade, traders, and the ancient city. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Reed, C.M. 2003. Maritime traders in the ancient Greek world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Renfrew, C. 1972. The emergence of civilization: The Aegean and the Cyclades in the third millennium B.C. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  28. Sallares, R. 1991. The ecology of the ancient Greek world. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
  29. Scheidel, W., and S. von Reden (eds.). 2002. The ancient economy. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Scheidel, W., I. Morris, and R. Saller (eds.). 2007. The Cambridge economic history of the Greco-Roman world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Cartledge
    • 1
  1. 1.