The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Nutrition and Development

  • Paul Glewwe
Reference work entry


The nutritional status of children and adults is primarily determined by consumption of foodstuffs that contain macronutrients and micronutrients and by the incidence of gastro-intestinal diseases. Insufficient nutrition among young children has particularly severe negative consequences. Factors that lead to better nourished children include better-educated mothers, higher household income, potable water and sanitary toilet facilities. The most effective nutrition programmes target children during their first two years of life; such programmes increase life cycle income by raising children’s levels of education. Economists should focus their research efforts on empirical studies that use panel data and data from randomized trials.

JEL Classifications



Bargaining power Education Labour productivity Malthus, T Medical care Nutrition Panel data Random experiments Simultaneity bias 
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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Glewwe
    • 1
  1. 1.