The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Primary and Secondary Labour Markets

  • Paul Ryan
Reference work entry


The primary/secondary distinction involves an application of the concept of economic dualism to the labour markets of advanced capitalist economies.


Dual economies Duality Labour market discrimination Primary and secondary labour markets Productivity growth Segmentationism Uneven development Wage dispersion 

JEL Classifications

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Averitt, R.T. 1968. The dual economy. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  2. Berger, S., and M. Piore. 1980. Dualism and discontinuity in industrial societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bluestone, B. 1970. The tripartite economy. Poverty and Human Resources Abstracts 5 (4): 15–35.Google Scholar
  4. Brandt Commission. (Independent Commission on International Development Issues). 1980. North–South: A programme for survival. London: Pan Books.Google Scholar
  5. Buchele, R.K. 1983. Economic dualism and employment stability. Industrial Relations 22: 410–418.Google Scholar
  6. Cain, G.C. 1976. The challenge of segmented labor market theories to orthodox theory: A survey. Journal of Economic Literature 14: 1215–1257.Google Scholar
  7. Dobb, M. 1928. Wages. London: Nisbet.Google Scholar
  8. Doeringer, P.B., and M. Piore. 1971. Internal labor markets and manpower analysis. Lexington: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
  9. Edwards, R.C. 1979. Contested terrain. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  10. Edwards, R.C., M. Reich, and D.M. Gordon, eds. 1975. Labor market segmentation. Lexington: D.C. Heath.Google Scholar
  11. Gordon, D.M., R.C. Edwards, and M. Reich. 1982. Segmented work, divided workers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Hodson, R., and R. Kaufman. 1982. Economic dualism: A critical review. American Sociological Review 47: 727–739.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Humphries, J., and J. Rubery. 1984. The reconstitution of the supply side of the labour market. Cambridge Journal of Economics 8: 331–346.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kerr, C. 1954. The balkanization of labor markets. In Labor mobility and economic opportunity, ed. E.W. Bakke. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  15. Oster, G. 1979. A factor analytic test of the theory of the dual economy. Review of Economics and Statistics 61: 33–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Piore, M. 1970. The dual labor market; Theory and implications. In The state and the poor, ed. R. Barringer and S.H. Beer. Cambridge, MA: Winthrop.Google Scholar
  17. Piore, M. 1975. Notes for a theory of labour market stratification. In Labor market segmentation, ed. Reich Edwards and Gordon. Lexington: Heath.Google Scholar
  18. Ryan, P. 1981. Segmentation, duality and the internal labour market. In The dynamics of labour market segmentation, ed. F. Wilkinson. London/New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  19. Salter, W.E.G. 1960. Productivity and technical change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Singer, H.W. 1970. Dualism revisited: A new approach to the problems of the dual society in developing countries. Journal of Development Studies 7 (1): 60–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wachter, M. 1974. Primary and secondary labor markets: A critique of the dual approach. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1974 (3): 637–680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wallace, M., and A. Kalleberg. 1981. Economic organization of firms and labor market consequences: Towards a specification of dual economic theory. In Sociological perspectives on labor markets, ed. I. Berg. New York: Academic.Google Scholar
  23. Wilkinson, F., ed. 1981. Dynamics of labor market segmentation. New York: Academic.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Ryan
    • 1
  1. 1.