The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Social Democracy

  • Ben Jackson
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_1581

Abstract

Social democracy refers to a political theory, a social movement or a society that aims to achieve the egalitarian objectives of socialism while remaining committed to the values and institutions of liberal democracy. This article examines the historical development of all three forms of social democracy. It shows that social democracy was one of the most creative and durable influences on the politics and economics of the advanced industrialized nations during the 20th century and that, in spite of some setbacks, it retains a distinctive political agenda for the future.

Keywords

Aggregate demand Bernstein, E. Beveridge, W. H. Budget deficits Business cycle Capital controls Capitalism Corporatism Democracy Earned income tax credits Egalitarianism Equal pay for equal work Equality Full employment Inflation Keynes, J. M. Labour market regulation Marshall, T. H. Neoliberalism Pensions Post-industrial economy Poverty Progressive taxation Public expenditure Rehn–Meidner model (Sweden) Revisionism Social citizenship Social democracy Social insurance Socialism Stockholm School Trade unions Unemployment insurance Utopian socialism Welfare state women’s work and wages 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

  1. Berman, S. 2006. The primacy of politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bernstein, E. 1898. The theory of collapse and colonial policy. In Marxism and social democracy: The revisionist debate 18961998, ed. H. Tudor and J.M. Tudor. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  3. Bernstein, E. 1899. The preconditions of socialism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Crosland, C.A.R. 1956. The future of socialism. London: Jonathan Cape.Google Scholar
  5. Eley, G. 2002. Forging democracy: The history of the left in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Esping-Andersen, G. 1985. Politics against Markets: The social democratic road to power. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Esping-Andersen, G. 1990. The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Glyn, A. 1995. Social democracy and full employment. New Left Review 211: 33–55.Google Scholar
  9. Glyn, A. 2006. Capitalism unleashed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Harris, J. 1997. William Beveridge: A biography. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Iversen, T., and A. Wren. 1998. Equality, employment and budgetary restraint: The trilemma of the service economy. World Politics 50: 507–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jackson, B. 2007. Equality and the British left. Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Kitschelt, H. 1994. The transformation of European social democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kolakowski, L. 1982. What is living (and what is dead) in the social-democratic idea? Encounter 58: 11–17.Google Scholar
  15. Lundberg, E. 1985. The rise and fall of the Swedish model. Journal of Economic Literature 23: 1–36.Google Scholar
  16. Marshall, T.H. 1950. Citizenship and social class. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  17. Paxton, W., S. White, and D. Maxwell. 2006. The citizen’s stake. Bristol: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pierson, C. 2001. Hard choices? Social democracy in the 21st century. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  19. Przeworski, A. 1985. Capitalism and social democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sassoon, D. 1996. One hundred years of socialism. London: Fontana.Google Scholar
  21. Scharpf, F. 1991. Crisis and choice in European social democracy. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Stedman Jones, G. 2004. An end to poverty? A historical debate. London: Profile.Google Scholar
  23. Tanner, D. 1997. The development of British socialism 1900–18. In An age of transition: British politics 1880–1914, ed. E.H.H. Green. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Tilton, T. 1990. The political theory of Swedish social democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  25. Turvey, R. 1952. Wages policy under full employment. London: William Hodge.Google Scholar
  26. Vandenbroucke, F. 2001. European social democracy and the third way: Convergence, divisions, and shared questions. In New labour: The progressive future? ed. S. White. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
  27. White, S. 1999. Social liberalism, stakeholder socialism and post-industrial social democracy. Renewal 7: 29–38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ben Jackson
    • 1
  1. 1.