That was the inspiration which underlay the foundation of the Royal Society and allowed men like Graunt and Petty, Newton and Boyle, Flamsteed and Hooke, to feel themselves part of the same intellectual community. That was also the inspiration for the first exercises in political arithmetic.
The roads to human power and to human knowledge lie close together, and are nearly the same; nevertheless, on account of the pernicious and inveterate habit of dwelling on abstractions, it is safer to begin and raise the sciences from those foundations which have relation to practice and let the active part be as the seal which prints and determines the contemplative counterpart.
KeywordsChalmers, G. Colquhoun, P. Davenant, C. Demography Graunt, J. King, G. Massie, J. National income Petty, W. Political arithmetic Political economy Young, A.
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