The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Manufacturing and De-industrialization

  • Ajit Singh
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_1264

Abstract

Industries in advanced countries have expanded and contracted in response to changes in technology and demand since the beginning of the industrial revolution. However, the phenomenon of de-industrialization, usually identified with the contraction of output or employment in the manufacturing sector as a whole, has only caused concern in these countries during the last decade or so. It has spawned a large academic literature, particularly in the UK, which was among the first industrial countries to manifest symptoms of de-industrialization (Singh 1977, 1982; Blackaby 1979; Beckerman 1979; Thirlwall 1982; Martin and Rowthorn 1986). It has also led to an important public debate on industrial policy in the UK, the US and in other industrial countries (for the UK, see Ball 1982; Eatwell 1982; Matthews and Sargent 1983; Singh 1979; Stout 1979; Godley and Cripps 1981; for the US, see Thurow 1980, 1984; Branson 1982; Krugman 1983; Schultze 1983; Norton 1986).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Abramovitz, M. 1981. Welfare quandaries and productivity concerns. American Economic Review 71(1): 1–17.Google Scholar
  2. Bagchi, A.K. 1976. De-industrialisation in India in the nineteenth century: Some theoretical implications. Journal of Development Studies 12(2): 135–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ball, R.J. 1982. Money and employment. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barker, T.S. 1981. De-industrialisation, North Sea oil and an investment strategy for the U.K. In Oil or industry, ed. T.S. Barker and V. Brailovsky. London: Academic.Google Scholar
  5. Beckerman, W. (ed.). 1979. Slow growth in Britain. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Beenstock, M. 1984. The World economy in transition. London/Boston: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  7. Bell, D. 1974. The coming of post-industrial society. London: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  8. Blackaby, F. (ed.). 1979. De-industrialisation. London: Heinemann Educational Books.Google Scholar
  9. Bosworth, B. 1983. Capital formation, technology, and economic policy. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Review 231–259.Google Scholar
  10. Branson, W.H. 1981. Industrial policy and U.S. international trade. In Wachter and Wachter (1981), 378–408.Google Scholar
  11. Cairncross, A. 1979. What is de-industrialisation? In Blackaby (1979).Google Scholar
  12. CEPG. 1976–82. Economic Policy Review. Department of Applied Economics, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  13. Coutts, K. J., W. A. H. Godley, R. E. Rowthorn, and T. S. Ward. 1986. A Cambridge bulletin on the Thatcher experiment. Cambridge: Department of Applied Economics.Google Scholar
  14. Cripps, F., and W. Godley. 1978. Control of imports as a means to full employment. Cambridge Journal of Economics 2(3): 327–334.Google Scholar
  15. Cripps, T.F., and R.J. Tarling. 1973. Growth in advanced capitalist economics. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Eatwell, J. 1982. Whatever happened to Britain? London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
  17. Eckstein, O., C. Caton, R. Brinner, and P. Duprey. 1984. The DRI report on U.S. manufacturing industries. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  18. Etzioni, A. 1983. An immodest agenda: Rebuilding America before the twenty-first century. New York: New Press.Google Scholar
  19. Feinstein, C.H. 1972. National income, expenditure and output of the United Kingdom, 1855–1965. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Foreign and Commonwealth Office. 1979. The newly industrialising countries and the adjustment problem. London: Foreign and Commonwealth Office, January.Google Scholar
  21. Forsyth, P. J., and J. A. Kay. 1980. The economic implications of North Sea oil. Fiscal Studies 1(2).Google Scholar
  22. Fuchs, V.R. 1968. The service economy. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  23. Fuchs, V.R. 1981. Economic growth and the rise of service employment. In Towards an explanation of economic growth: Symposium 1980, ed. H. Giersch, 221–242. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr.Google Scholar
  24. Gerschuny, J. 1978. After industrial society. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hicks, J.R. 1969. A theory of economic history. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  26. Hopkins, B., M. Miller, and W.B. Reddaway. 1982. An alternative economic strategy – A message of hope. Cambridge Journal of Economics 6(1): 85–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kaldor, N. 1966. Causes of the slow rate of economic growth of the United Kingdom. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  28. Kindleberger, C. P. 1973. An American economic climacteric? The New York Times 1.Google Scholar
  29. Krugman, P. R. 1983. Targeted industrial policies: Theory and evidence. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Review 123–155.Google Scholar
  30. Lawrence, R.A. 1984. Can America compete? Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  31. Little, I.M.D., et al. 1982. Indian industrialisation before 1945. In The theory and experience of economic development: Essays in Honour of Sir W. Arthur Lewis, ed. M. Gersovitz et al. London: George Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  32. Martin, R., and R. Rowthorn (eds.). 1986. The geography of de-industrialisation. London: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  33. Matthews, R.C.O., and J.R. Sargent (eds.). 1983. Contemporary problems of economic policy. London: Methuen.Google Scholar
  34. Myrdal, G. 1957. Economic theory and underdeveloped regions. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
  35. Norton, R.D. 1986. Industrial policy and American renewal. Journal of Economic Literature 24(March): 1–40.Google Scholar
  36. OECD. 1978. Economic outlook, occasional studies. Paris: Organization for Economic and Cultural Development.Google Scholar
  37. Reddaway, W. B. 1982. The government’s economic policy – An appraisal. Three Banks Review 136: 3–18.Google Scholar
  38. Sayers, R.S. 1965. The vicissitudes of an export economy: Britain since 1880. Sydney: University of Sydney Press.Google Scholar
  39. Schultze, C. L. 1983. Industrial policy: A dissent. Brookings Review 2(1): 3–12.Google Scholar
  40. Scitovsky, T. 1980. Can capitalism survive? An old question in a new setting. American Economic Review 70(2): 1–9.Google Scholar
  41. Singh, A. 1977. UK industry and the world economy: A case of de-industrialisation? Cambridge Journal of Economics 1(2): 113–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Singh, A. 1979. North Sea oil and the reconstruction of the UK industry. In Blackaby (1979).Google Scholar
  43. Singh, A. 1980. Industrial policy and the economics of disequilibrium: A reply to Professors de Jong and Van der Zwan. In Investeren en Workloosheid, ed. W. Hafkamp and G. Reuter. Brussels: Sampson Alphen a/d Rijn.Google Scholar
  44. Singh, A. 1981. Third world industrialisation and the structure of the world economy. In Microeconomic analysis; Essays in microeconomics and development, ed. D. Currie, D. Peel, and W. Peters. London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  45. Singh, A. 1982. Structural changes in the UK economy: A long-term structural analysis of U.K.’s trade with less developed countries and its impact on the U.K. economy. Vienna: UNIDO.Google Scholar
  46. Singh, A. 1984. The interrupted industrial revolution of the third world: Prospects and policies for resumption. Industry and Development 12.Google Scholar
  47. Singh, A. 1986. The long-term structural disequilibrium of the UK economy: employment, trade and import controls. In Free trade – Managed trade? Perspectives on a realistic international trade order, ed. G. Sjostedt and B. Sundelius. Boulder: Westview.Google Scholar
  48. Stout, D.K. 1979. De-industrialisation and industrial policy. In Blackaby (1979).Google Scholar
  49. Summers, L. 1983. Commentary. Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City Review 79–83.Google Scholar
  50. Tarling, R., and F. Wilkinson. 1977. The social contract: Post-war incomes policies and their inflationary impact. Cambridge Journal of Economics 1(4): 395–444.Google Scholar
  51. Thirlwall, A. P. 1982. De-industrialisation in the U.K. Lloyds Bank Review 134: 22–37.Google Scholar
  52. Thurow, L. 1980. The zero-sum society. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  53. Thurow, L. 1984. Losing the economic race. New York Review of Books 27: 29–31.Google Scholar
  54. Tomalinson, J. 1982. Unemployment and policy in the 1930s and 1980s. Three Banks Review 135: 17–33.Google Scholar
  55. UNIDO. 1979. World industry since 1960: Progress and prospects. New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
  56. US President’s Commission on Industrial Competitiveness. 1985. Global competition: The new reality. Washington, DC: GPO.Google Scholar
  57. Wachter, M.L., and S.M. Wachter (eds.). 1981. Towards a new U.S. industrial policy. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ajit Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.