The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd

Mortality

  • James W. Vaupel
  • Kristín G. von Kistowski
  • Roland Rau
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-349-95189-5_1047

Abstract

Mortality is a demographic component that contributes to shaping the size, structure, and dynamics of populations. Life expectancy has been rising remarkably in the more developed countries since the 19th century and the process of rising life expectancy also has begun in most of the less developed countries. Increases in adult life expectancy and declines in birth rates result in aging societies. Survival is increasing as a result of progress in economic development, social improvements, and advances in medicine. However, death rates vary significantly in different parts of the world and are particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa.

Keywords

Biodemography Central death rate Demography Fertility Gompertz law of mortality Health care Innovations Life expectancy Marriage and divorce Migration Mortality Pensions Population aging Standard of living Time-series analysis 

JEL Classifications

J10 
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Copyright information

© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • James W. Vaupel
    • 1
  • Kristín G. von Kistowski
    • 1
  • Roland Rau
    • 1
  1. 1.