The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

2018 Edition
| Editors: Macmillan Publishers Ltd


  • Alan Ryan
Reference work entry


In The Philosophy of History Hegel declared that the history of the world was the history of freedom. Human history had been a process of education and self-discovery at the end of which men could see that freedom and reason were their very essence. But Hegel was conscious of the fact that ‘freedom’ was not the same thing at all stages of its history – a truth which is reflected in the inconclusiveness of philosophical attempts to answer the question ‘what is freedom?’.

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© Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alan Ryan
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