Reference work entry

Structure of Higher Education System


Higher education is provided by universities and higher institutes of technical and professional training, both public and private. Responsibility for higher education lies mainly with the Ministry of Higher Education. Universities have full academic and administrative autonomy. They also carry out scientific research. The higher institutes of technical and professional training award qualifications that are equivalent to the first qualification conferred by universities. Private universities are entitled to implement their own admission criteria and to set fees without intervention from the Ministry.

Stages of studies

University level first stage

The first stage of higher education consists of four years’ study leading to the Bachelor’s degree. In engineering, studies last five years, and in medicine they last six.

University level second stage

A Master’s degree (both professional and academic) is conferred and comprises two years of...

Copyright information

© International Association of Universities 2019

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