Structure of Higher Education System
Higher education is provided by state universities, including higher institutes of technology, and foundations (private universities). The supreme authority for the regulation of higher education is the Council of Higher Education (YÖK), which is a fully autonomous national board of trustees without any political or government affiliation. The Interuniversity Council consists of the rectors of all the universities and one member elected by the Senate of each university. Universities, faculties, institutes and four-year schools are founded by law, while the two-year vocational schools, departments and divisions are established by the Council of Higher Education. The foundation universities are under the supervision of the Council of Higher Education and their programmes must be regularly accredited. The medium of instruction is Turkish. Some universities use English, French and German as the language of instruction with one preparatory...