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Mental Health Care in 11 Major Cities Over Two Decades

  • David Goldberg
  • Graham Thornicroft
  • Maryam Abbasinejad
  • Francesco Amaddeo
  • Gavin Andrews
  • Dinarte Ballester
  • Stephen T. Baron
  • Stuart Bell
  • Ellis Busnello
  • Marcel Buster
  • Jack J. M. Dekker
  • Klement Dymi
  • Ahmad Hajebi
  • Mathew James
  • Marianne Kastrup
  • David LeCount
  • Loiva dos Santos Leite
  • Ahmad Mohit
  • R. Srinivasa Murthy
  • Shinfuku Naotaka
  • Sara Jane Escouto dos Santos
  • Norman Sartorius
  • Crista Taylor
  • Jan Theunissen
  • Ana Cristina Tietzmann
  • Wilco Tuinbreijer
  • Kathleen Westcoat
  • Matty A. S. de Witt
Reference work entry
Part of the Mental Health and Illness Worldwide book series (MHIW)

Abstract

This chapter investigates how mental health services have changed over the past two decades in a selection of 11 major cities from four different continents. Overall, deinstitutionalization has moved patient care away from hospitals and into community settings where mental health centers are now developing outpatient services. The cities presented are Amsterdam (the Netherlands), Baltimore (the United States), Bangalore (India), Copenhagen (Denmark), Kobe (Japan), London (United Kingdom), Porto Alegre (Brazil), Sydney (Australia), Madison (the United States), Tehran (Iran), and Verona (Italy). These cities have been selected to represent a global perspective including different continents, cultures, and religions. This chapter reports of several promising community care initiatives and evidence that the era of institutionalization may be ending.

Keywords

Mental health services Community health services Institutionalization Mental Health in Primary Care 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Singapore 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Goldberg
    • 14
  • Graham Thornicroft
    • 22
  • Maryam Abbasinejad
    • 6
  • Francesco Amaddeo
    • 1
  • Gavin Andrews
    • 7
  • Dinarte Ballester
    • 2
  • Stephen T. Baron
    • 8
  • Stuart Bell
    • 9
  • Ellis Busnello
    • 10
  • Marcel Buster
    • 11
  • Jack J. M. Dekker
    • 12
  • Klement Dymi
    • 13
  • Ahmad Hajebi
    • 15
  • Mathew James
    • 16
  • Marianne Kastrup
    • 13
  • David LeCount
    • 17
  • Loiva dos Santos Leite
    • 18
  • Ahmad Mohit
    • 3
  • R. Srinivasa Murthy
    • 4
  • Shinfuku Naotaka
    • 5
  • Sara Jane Escouto dos Santos
    • 19
  • Norman Sartorius
    • 20
  • Crista Taylor
    • 8
  • Jan Theunissen
    • 21
  • Ana Cristina Tietzmann
    • 23
  • Wilco Tuinbreijer
    • 24
  • Kathleen Westcoat
    • 8
  • Matty A. S. de Witt
    • 25
  1. 1.Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement SciencesUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Psychiatry ServiceHospital Mãe de DeusPorto AlegreBrazil
  3. 3.Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health ServicesTehranIran
  4. 4.National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS)BangaloreIndia
  5. 5.International Center for Medical Research and TreatmentKobe UniversityKobeJapan
  6. 6.Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse, Roozbeh Hospital, TehranUniversity of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  7. 7.CRUfADUNSW at St Vincent’s HospitalDarlinghurstAustralia
  8. 8.Behavioral System Baltimore, Inc. (BHSB)BaltimoreUSA
  9. 9.Oxford Health NHS Foundation TrustNorthamptonUK
  10. 10.Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  11. 11.Department of Epidemiology and Health PromotionPublic Health ServiceAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  12. 12.Arkin Mental Health Care, Research DepartmentAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  13. 13.Psychiatric Centre BallerupCopenhagen University HospitalCopenhagenDenmark
  14. 14.Institute of PsychiatryKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  15. 15.Department of PsychiatryTehran Psychiatry Institute, University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  16. 16.Mental Health Service, St Vincent’s HospitalSydneyAustralia
  17. 17.Field Faculty Associate School of Social WorkUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA
  18. 18.Municipal Health AuthorityPorto AlegreBrazil
  19. 19.Municipal Health AuthorityPorto AlegreBrazil
  20. 20.Association for the Improvement of Mental Health Programmes (AMH)GenevaSwitzerland
  21. 21.GGZ in Geest Research DepartmentAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  22. 22.Institute of Psychiatry Psychology and Neuroscience of King’s CollegeLondonUK
  23. 23.Medical Residency Program in Psychiatry – Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saùde de Porto AlegrePorto AlegreBrazil
  24. 24.Department of Public Mental Health CareMunicipal Health ServiceAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  25. 25.Department of Epidemiology and Health PromotionPublic Health ServiceAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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