Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Walter Burley

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_519-2

Abstract

Walter Burley (ca. 1275 – after 1344), known as doctor planus et perspicuus, was one of the most eminent logicians and natural philosophers of the first half of the fourteenth century and the chief polemist of William Ockham. Of his almost 80 works composed over a period of some 40 years from his studies in Oxford to the final days of his intellectual activity (about 60 of them have survived), most are devoted to logic and natural philosophy, the remaining ones, to theology and practical philosophy. In logic, he was the champion of via antiqua, defending realist views against the criticism of Ockham. In philosophy of nature, his favorite problem was change. Apart from local motion, he was interested in the issues related to substantial, qualitative, and quantitative change, called generation, alteration, and growth, respectively. Some of his ideas underwent changes and refinements in discussions with his colleagues in Oxford, Paris, and elsewhere, others formed a solid core relatively early and were repeated in consecutive works or were simply taken for granted.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Bibliography

Primary Sources

  1. Many of Burley’s surviving works still remain in manuscript. Editions listed below include early editions (and their reprints) and modern ones. Doubtful and spurious works are not included.Google Scholar
  2. Commentarius in libros De generatione et corruptione. (2007). In M. Gensler (Ed.), Kłopotliwa zmiana czyli Waltera Burleya zmagania ze zmiennością rzeczy (pp. 204–388). Łódź: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego.Google Scholar
  3. Commentarius in librum Perihermeneias. (1973). In S. Brown (Ed.), Walter Burley’s middle commentary on Aristotle’s Perihermeneias. Franciscan Studies, 33, 42–134.Google Scholar
  4. De Consequentiis. (1980). In N. J. Green-Pedersen (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘De Consequentiis’. Franciscan Studies, 40, 102–166.Google Scholar
  5. De Deo, Natura et Arte. (1963). In H. Shapiro (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘De Deo, Natura et Arte’. Medievalia et Humanistica, 15, 88–90.Google Scholar
  6. De diffinitione. (1965). In H. Shapiro (Ed.), Walter Burley’s text ‘De diffinitione’. Medieval Studies, 27, 337–339.Google Scholar
  7. De duobus primis principiis. (1962). In H. Shapiro (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘De duobus primis principiis’. Manuscripta, 6, 96–98.Google Scholar
  8. De ente. (1963). In H. Shapiro (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘De ente’. Manuscripta, 7, 105–108.Google Scholar
  9. De exclusivis. (1984). In L. M. de Rijk (Ed.), Walter Burley’s Tract ‘De exclusivis’: An edition. Vivarium, 23, 23–54.Google Scholar
  10. De finito et infinito. (1965). In H. Shapiro (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘De finito et infinito’. Manuscripta, 9, 170–171.Google Scholar
  11. De formis. (1970). In F. J. Down Scott (Ed.), Walter Burley’s Treatise ‘De formis’ = Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für die Herausgabe ungedruckter Texte aus der mittelalterlichen Geisteswelt (Vol. 4). München: Verlag der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.Google Scholar
  12. De motu animalium. (1969). In H. Shapiro & F. Scott (Eds.), Walter Burley’s Commentary on Aristotle’s ‘De motu animalium’. Traditio, 25, 171–190.Google Scholar
  13. De Potentia Activa et Passiva. (1966). In H. Shapiro & F. Scott (Eds.), Modern Schoolman, 43, 179–182.Google Scholar
  14. De Potentiis Animae. (1971). In M. J. Kitchel (Ed.), The ‘De Potentiis Animae’ of Walter Burley. Medieval Studies, 33, 85–113.Google Scholar
  15. De primo et ultimo instanti. (1965). In H. Shapiro & Ch. Shapiro (Eds.), ‘De primo et ultimo instanti’ des Walter Burley. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 47, 157–173.Google Scholar
  16. De puritate artis logicae tractatus brevior. (1955). In P. Boehner (Ed.), Walter Burleigh: De puritate artis logicae tractatus longior, with a revised edition of the Tractatus brevior. St. Bonaventure: Franciscan Institute.Google Scholar
  17. De puritate artis logicae tractatus longior. (1955). In P. Boehner (Ed.), Walter Burleigh: De puritate artis logicae tractatus longior, with a revised edition of the Tractatus brevior. St. Bonaventure: Franciscan Institute.Google Scholar
  18. De qualitatibus. (1963). In H. Shapiro & Ch. Shapiro (Eds.), De qualitatibus des Walter Burley. Franziskanische Studien, 45, 256–260.Google Scholar
  19. De relativis. (1962). In H. Shapiro & M. J. Kiteley (Eds.), Walter Burley’s ‘De Relativis’. Franciscan Studies, 22, 155–171.Google Scholar
  20. De sensibus. (1966). In H. Shapiro & F. Scott (Eds.), Walter Burley’s ‘De sensibus’. Mitteilungen des Grabmann-Instituts der Universität München, 13.Google Scholar
  21. De somno et vigilia. (2014). In Ch. Thomsen-Thoernqvist (Ed.) Walter Burley’s Expositio on Aristotle’s treatises on sleep and dreaming. An edition. Cahiers de l’Institut de Moyen-Ãge Grec et Latin, 83, 379–515.Google Scholar
  22. De suppositionibus. (1972). In S. Brown (Ed.), Walter Burleigh’s treatise ‘De suppositionibus’ and its influence on William of Ockham. Franciscan Studies, 32, 15–64.Google Scholar
  23. De toto et parte. (1965–66). In H. Shapiro & F. Scott (Eds.), Walter Burley’s De toto et parte. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge, 32–33, 299–303.Google Scholar
  24. Expositio in libros octo de physico auditu. (1972). Venetiis 1501; reprinted Hildesheim: Olms.Google Scholar
  25. Expositio super artem veterem. (1967). Venetiis 1497; reprinted Frankfurt: Minerva.Google Scholar
  26. Expositio vetus super librum Praedicamentorum. (2003). In M. von Perger (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘Expositio vetus super librum Praedicamentorum’. Franciscan Studies, 61, 55–96.Google Scholar
  27. Insolubilia. (1970). In M. L. Roure (Ed.), La Problématique des propositions insolubiles au XIIIe siècle et au début de XIVe, suivie de l’édition des traités de W. Shyreswood, W. Burley and Th. Bradwardine. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge, 37, 262–284.Google Scholar
  28. Quaestiones in librum Perihermeneias. (1974). In S. Brown (Ed.), Walter Burley’s ‘Quaestiones in librum Perihermeneias’. Franciscan Studies, 34, 200–295.Google Scholar
  29. Quaestiones super III De anima. (1997). In E.A. Synan (Ed.), Questions on the ‘De anima’ of Aristotle by Magister Adam Burley and Dominus Walter Burley. Studien und Texte aus Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters, 55, 76–156.Google Scholar
  30. Tractatus expositorius super libros posteriorum Aristotelis. (1966). Oxoniae 1517; reprinted Frankfurt: Minerva.Google Scholar
  31. Utrum contradicto sit maxima oppositio. (1968). In R. Palacz (Ed.), Gualteri Burlei Quaestio: ‘Utrum contradicto sit maxima oppositio’; MS. Vat. Ottob. 318, f. 141va-145vb. Mediaevalia Philosophica Polonorum, 11, 128–156; “Burley’s So-called Tractatus Primus, with an Edition of the Additional Quaestio ‘Utrum contradicto sit maxima oppositio’”, ed. L.M. de Rijk, Vivarium 34: 1996, 161–191.Google Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Conti, A. (2013). A companion to Walter Burley: Late Medieval logician and metaphysician. Leiden/Boston: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Jung-Palczewska, E. (1986). Le problème d’Averroisme de Walter Burley dans son commentaire sur la ‘Physique’. Studia Mediewistyczne, 24(2), 101–109.Google Scholar
  3. Kretzmann, N. (Ed.). (1982). Infinity and continuity in Ancient and Medieval thought. Ithaca/London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Kuksewicz, Z. (1981). The problem of Walter Burley’s Averroism. In A. Maieru & A. Paravicini Bagliani (Eds.), Studi sul XIV secolo. In memoria di Annelise Maier (pp. 341–377). Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.Google Scholar
  5. Lindberg, D. C. (Ed.). (1978). Science in the Middle Ages. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  6. Machamer, P. K., & Turnbull, R. G. (Eds.). (1976). Motion and time, space and matter. Columbus: Interrelations in the History of Philosophy and Science.Google Scholar
  7. Maier, A. (1952). An der Grenze von Scholastik und Naturwissenschaft = Studien zur Naturphilosophie der Spatschilastik (Vol. 3). Roma: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.Google Scholar
  8. Martin, C. (1964). Walter Burley. In Oxford Studies Presented to Daniel Callus = Oxford historical society (New series, Vol. XVI, pp. 194–230). Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  9. Ottman, J., & Wood, R. (1999). Walter burley: His life and works. Vivarium, 37(1), 1–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pinborg, J. (1967). Walter Burley on the meaning of propositions. Classica et Mediaevalia, 28, 394–404.Google Scholar
  11. Roure, M. L. (1970). La Problématique des propositions insolubiles au XIIIe siècle et au début de XIVe, suivie de l’édition des traités de W. Shyreswood, W. Burley and Th. Bradwardine. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge, 37, 205–326.Google Scholar
  12. Sylla, E. D. (1973). Medieval concepts of the latitude of forms: The Oxford calculators. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Âge, 39, 223–283.Google Scholar
  13. Sylla, E. D. (1991). The Oxford calculators and the mathematics of motion 1320–1350. Physics and measurement by latitudes. New York/London: Harvard University Dissertations in History of Science.Google Scholar
  14. Sylla, E. D. (1998). Walter Burley. In Routledge encyclopedia of philosophy, Version 1.0. London/New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Sylla, E. D. (2001). Walter Burley’s physics’ commentaries and the mathematics of alteration. Early Science and Medicine, 6(3), 149–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Sylla, E. D. (2002). Walter Burley’s practice as a commentator on Aristotle’s ‘Physics’. Medioevo, 27, 301–371.Google Scholar
  17. Una Juarez, A. (1978). La filosofia del siglo XIV. Contexto cultural de Walter Burley. Madrid: Biblioteca ‘La Ciudad de Dios’ Real Monasterio de el Escorial.Google Scholar
  18. Weijers, O. (1998). Le travail intellectuel à la Faculté des arts de Paris: textes et maîtres, III = Studia Artistarum. Etudes sur la Faculté des arts dans les Universités médiévales (Vol. 6). Paris/La Haye: Brepols.Google Scholar
  19. Weisheipl, J. A. (1969). Repertorium Mertonense. Medieval Studies, 31, 174–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wood, R. (1989). Studies on Walter Burley, 1968–1988. Bulletin de philosophie médiévale, 30, 233–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Wood, R. (1984). Walter Burley’s ‘Physics’ commentaries. Franciscan Studies, 43, 275–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyUniversity of ŁódzŁódzPoland