Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Thomas Wylton

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1151-5_495-2

Abstract

Thomas Wylton was an English philosopher and theologian who was first active as a Master of Arts at Oxford (c. 1288–1304) and then at the Faculty of Theology of Paris (c. 1304–1322). His major extant works are a commentary on Aristotle’s De anima, a commentary on Aristotle’s Physics, and a Quodlibet. Wylton is a major exponent of Latin Averroism. He defends Averroes view on the material intellect, arguing that Averroes does not posit the material intellect as a substance separate from man but as the substantial form of man. He also maintains that Averroes can account for the union between intellect and man better than the Catholics. Wylton’s interpretation of Averroes had a strong influence on John of Jandun. Although a comprehensive picture of Wylton’s philosophical and theological thought has not yet been drawn, it has clearly emerged that Wylton’s ontology is strongly realist and influenced in part by that of Scotus. For example, Wylton maintains not only that a relation is a thing distinct from the relata but also that the distinction between the two relata and their existence are not necessary for the reality of the relation between them. Furthermore, he holds that it is necessary to posit successive things (typically, motion and time) as distinct from permanent things. Like Scotus, he maintains that divine attributes are formally distinct.

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Bibliography

Primary Sources

  1. Thomas, W. (2010). On the intellectual soul (eds: L. O. Nielsen, C. Trifogli & trans: G. Trimble). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Editions of other questions by Wylton have appeared in various journals. See secondary sources Jung-Palczewska 1997; Nielsen-Noone-Trifogli 2003; Nielsen-Trifogli 2006; Trifogli 1990; Trifogli 1995b; Trifogli-Nielsen 2005.Google Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Dumont, S. D. (1998). New questions by Thomas Wylton. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 9, 341–381.Google Scholar
  2. Henninger, M. G. (1990). Thomas Wylton’s theory of relations. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 1, 457–490.Google Scholar
  3. Jung-Palczewska, E. (1997). La Question quodlibétique De infinitate vigoris Dei de Thomas de Wylton. Archives d’Histoire Doctrinale et Littéraire du Moyen Age, 64, 347–403.Google Scholar
  4. Nielsen, L. O., Noone, T. B., & Trifogli, C. (2003). Thomas Wylton’s question on the formal distinction as applied to the divine. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 14, 327–388.Google Scholar
  5. Nielsen, L. O., & Trifogli, C. (2006). Questions on the beatific vision by Thomas Wylton and Sibert de Beka. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 17, 511–584.Google Scholar
  6. Trifogli, C. (1990). Il problema dello statuto ontologico del tempo nelle Quaestiones super Physicam di Thomas Wylton e di Giovanni di Jandun. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 1(2), 491–548.Google Scholar
  7. Trifogli, C. (1995a). Thomas Wylton on Motion. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie, 77, 135–154.Google Scholar
  8. Trifogli, C. (1995b). Due questioni sul movimento nel commento alla Fisica di Thomas Wylton. Medioevo, 21, 31–73.Google Scholar
  9. Trifogli, C. (2007a). Thomas Wylton on final causality. In A. Fidora & M. Lutz-Bachmann (Eds.), Erfahrung und Beweis. Die Wissenschaften von der Natur im 13. und 14. Jahrhundert. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Trifogli, C. (2007b). The quodlibet of Thomas Wylton. In C. Schabel (Ed.), Theological quodlibeta in the Middle Ages, the fourteenth century. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  11. Trifogli, C., & Nielsen, L. O. (2005). Thomas Wylton’s questions on number, the instant and time. Documenti e studi sulla tradizione filosofica medievale, 16, 57–117.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Philosophy FacultyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK