Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Reason (Hinduism)

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_645-1

Synonyms

Definition

The category of reason is used in Hindu spirituality and philosophy in different senses. One can discern two broad usages: one, as a faculty of the mind, that is, as an instrument of philosophical reflection and, two, as logic, that is, an instrument of argumentation. There is no exact Sanskrit synonym for the word “reason.” The term buddhi is often used to denote reason as a faculty of the mind, and words like manana and vicāra are used to denote the act of reflection or contemplation. Anumāna is inference; it is one of the six pramāṇas or valid means of knowledge and is accepted by all the six schools of Hindu philosophy (darśana). The word Nyāya, after which is named one of the six schools of Hindu philosophy, means logic. Tarka and yukti are also words used to denote logic. These different words are used to denote different dimensions of reason.

Introduction

When we talk about reason as understood in Hinduism,...

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References

  1. 1.
    Mohanty JN (1993) Essays on Indian philosophy traditional and modern. In: Bilimoria P (ed). Oxford University Press, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ganeri J (2001) Philosophy in classical India: the proper work of reason. Routledge, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gupta B (2009) Reason and experience in Indian philosophy. Indian Council of Philosophical Research, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Burley M (2007) Classical Sāṃkhya and Yoga: an Indian metaphysics of experience. Routledge, London/New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Advanced StudyShimlaIndia