Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Pankaj Jain, Rita Sherma, Madhu Khanna

Sāvitrī

  • Sutapa Chaudhuri
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_574-1

(1) Vedic divinity (2) Mythical heroine

Savitri, derived from the Sanskrit, means to stimulate or propel. The word occurs in several contexts in the Hindu tradition.

Savitri as a Vedic Divinity

Savitri is Savitr or Surya, the Sun God; one among the panchadevas of the Vedic period, including Indra, Mitra, Varuna, and Soma [7]. Savitri is the progenitor of life, the Supreme Being who propels thought and action and inspires higher consciousness. Savitri is the sun in his intense, vivid, and radiant aspect. The dazzling light of Savitri illuminates the earth, infusing energy to every living being and vivifying every inanimate object. As the king in heaven, Savitri imparts immortality to all gods [6]. Savitri as Surya is also one of the Adityas, the sons of the Vedic goddess Aditi and the sage, Rishi Kashyap. Savitri has associations with many Vedic rites. Several Vedic hymns are devoted to Savitri. The Brahmans, or upper-caste, twice-born Hindu males, worship the solar god as Savitri each...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. 1.
    Dutt T (1882) Ancient ballads and legends of Hindustan. Kegan Paul, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hillebrandt A (1990) Vedic mythology. Motilal Banarsidass, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Jones CA, Ryan JD (2007) Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Facts On File, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Shepard A, Rosenberry V (1992) Savitri: a tale of ancient India. A. Whitman, Morton GroveGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sri Aurobindo (1951) Savitri: a legend and a symbol. Sri Aurobindo Ashram, PondicherryGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wilkins WJ (1973) Hindu mythology, vedic and puranic. Rupa, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Williams GM (2003) Handbook of Hindu mythology. ABC-CLIO, Santa BarbaraGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sutapa Chaudhuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EnglishDr. Kanailal Bhattacharyya College (under University of Calcutta)HowrahIndia