Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffery D. Long, Rita D. Sherma, Pankaj Jain, Madhu Khanna

Advaita Vedānta

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_322-1



Advaita Vedānta is a nondualistic system of Vedānta expounded primarily by ācāryya Śaṅkara in a systematic way. The most fundamental thesis of advaita vedānta is that brahma is the ultimate reality, and that the world is sublated and the jīva or the individual self realizes its identity with the Brahman.


Vedānta or Uttara Mīmāṃsā is one of the six main orthodox (āstika) schools of ancient Indian philosophy. Vedānta is based on philosophical ideas and reflections contained in the Upaniṣads, which form the last part of the Vedas. Alternatively Vedānta is also referred to as the best part of the Vedas. Upaniṣads form the jñāna kāṇḍa or “Knowledge-Section” of the Vedas and constitute the main or fundamental basis of Vedānta ([1], p. 7). The Upaniṣads, the Bhagavad-Gītā, and the Brahma Sūtras are the fundamental texts of Vedānta which together constitute the prasthānatrayī ([2], pp. 6–7, [3], pp. 100–101). Every...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyBankura Christian CollegeBankuraIndia