Hinduism and Tribal Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Jeffery D. Long, Rita D. Sherma, Pankaj Jain, Madhu Khanna

Alcohol (Use of)

Living reference work entry

Later version available View entry history

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-024-1036-5_281-1


Alcohol is the main offering to Kaal Bhairav deity of Ujjain in the present-day India. In Hinduism, however, refraining from the intoxicants is the basic requirement for attaining Moksha. Also in the Bhagavad Gita, it is mentioned that those who have demoniac mentality are attracted and attached to wine, women, gambling, and meat-eating. Interestingly, various sects in Hinduism have different prescriptions for the use of alcohol: for the followers of Vaishnavism, it is strictly prohibited to consume liquor; for Shaivism and Shaktism, it is generally restricted to use alcohol; however, in their subsects such as Tantra, worshipers consume liquor. Nath Sampradaya, Yantra, and Smarthism generally recommend no alcohol rituals. For Asgama Hindu or Balinese Hinduism, the use of alcohol is optional. For Shrautism and Arya Samaji, alcohol is strictly prohibited. The followers of Charvaka compulsorily consume alcohol as they believe in the worldly pleasures. In Ayurveda, the use of...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Humanities & Social Sciences – Languages & LiteratureShri Mata Vaishno Devi UniversityKatraIndia