Excellence Schemes, Higher Education

  • Ricardo Biscaia
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-9553-1_64-1


Definition of Excellence Schemes

In the context of higher education (HE), an excellence scheme or program refers to funding programs launched by national governments in which large amounts of money are directed at several universities in the national HE system with the purpose of raising their level to “excellent.” While most of the funding programs, competitive-based funding projects in teaching and research, and even basic funding can be directed for “excellence” purposes, excellence schemes are distinguished from those by the high selectivity of the institutions involved and the large amounts of funding directed at these institutions.

Emergence of Excellence Schemes

The main motivation for the existence of excellence schemes comes from the greater international competition between Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). At the teaching/student level, the increased mobility of students and the expansion of English as a universal...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CIPES - Centre for Research in Higher Education PoliciesPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Universidade Portucalense Infante D. HenriquePortoPortugal