Higher Education Systems and Institutions, São Tomé and Príncipe
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea approximately 150 miles off the western African coast. An archipelago with only 1001 square km of combined land area and an estimated population around 198,000 inhabitants, it is one of the smallest countries in the world. Since its independence from Portugal in 1975, the country has evolved from a one party, socialist state to a liberal, multiparty democracy assuring ample civil liberties and political rights.
In economic terms the World Bank (2017) describes São Tomé and Principe as a lower middle income developing country with a fragile economy. The main economic activities are the services sector, agriculture, fishing, and a recently growing tourism sector. The country imports most of its consumer goods and relies heavily in public expenditure as the main driver of growth. The life expectancy is 66.6 years and the adult literacy rate is...
- Espirito Santo, W. 2014. Ensino Superior em São Tomé e Principe Gestão Interna/Externa. Que Retorno? Masters dissertation submitted at Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologia de Lisboa. http://recil.grupolusofona.pt/bitstream/handle/10437/6300/DM_WllerEspiritoSanto.pdf?sequence=1. Accessed 21 June 2017.
- Langa, P. 2013. Higher education in Portuguese speaking African countries: A five country baseline study. Somerset West: African Minds.Google Scholar
- Machado-Taylor, M., L. Pinto, and J. Taylor. 2003. São Tomé and Principe. In African higher education: An international reference handbook, ed. D. Teferra and P. Altbach, 512–515. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
- Ministério da Educação, Cultura e Ciência da República Democrática de São Tomé e Principe (MECC). 2017. Direcção Geral do Ensino Superior e Ciência. http://mecc.gov.st/index.php/j/academico/direccao-do-ensino-superior-e-formacao. Accessed 23 June 2017.
- Teixeira, P., and P. Videira. 2015. Higher education in Lusophone countries: One language, many stages of development in higher education. In Leadership and governance in higher education handbook for decision-makers and administrators, ed. S. Bergan et al. Berlin: Raabe Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
- The World Bank. 2017. World development indicators. http://data.worldbank.org/country/sao-tome-and-principe. Accessed 23 June 2017.