Academic Perception of Governance and Management
- 393 Downloads
Governance refers to the institutional arrangements higher education institutions (HEIs) apply to “govern” organizational and staff behaviors. Management is associated with the processes and instruments HEIs use to accomplish their objectives in an efficient way. In different HEIs the governance and management models have been changing, and the effects are differently perceived by academics.
Changes in Governance and Management
Changes in HEIs’ governance and management have been identified worldwide both at the system level, usually referred to as changes in the steering model, and at the institutional level (Deem et al. 2007; Krüger et al. 2018).
At the system level, there has been a tendency for the reduction of state direct control over HEIs by giving them more autonomy. This tendency is referred to in the literature as the shift from a “regulatory” to a “facilitatory”...
This work is funded by National Funds through the FCT—Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UID/CED/00757/2013.
- Bleiklie, I., J. Enders, B. Lepori, and C. Musselin. 2011. New public management, network governance and the university as a changing professional organization. In The Ashgate research companion to new public management, ed. Tom Christensen and Per Laegreid, 161–176. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Carvalho, T., and M. Machado. 2011. Senior management in higher education. In Gender, power and management. A cross cultural analysis of higher education, ed. K. White and B. Bagilhole, 90–109. Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Carvalho, T., and R. Santiago. 2010. New public management and ‘middle-management’: How do deans influence institutional policies? In The changing dynamics of higher education middle management: Vol. 28. Higher Education Dynamics, ser. ed. P. Maassen, and J. Müller & vol. ed. L. Meek, L. Goedegebuure, R. Santiago, and T. Carvalho, 165–196. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Carvalho, T., and R. Santiago. 2015. Professional autonomy in a comparative perspective: academics, doctors and nurses. In Professionalism, managerialism and reform in higher education and the health services: The European Welfare State and Rise of the Knowledge Society, ed. T. Carvalho and R. Santiago, 30–63. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
- Carvalho, T., and P. Videira. 2017. Losing autonomy? Restructuring higher education institutions governance and relations between teaching and non-teaching staff. Studies in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1401059. Published online nov. 2017.
- Carvalho, T., G. Marini, and P. Videira. 2016. Is new public management redefining professional boundaries and changing power relations within higher education institutions? Journal of the European Higher Education Area 6 (3): 59–74.Google Scholar
- Enders, J., H. De Boer, and L. Liudvika. 2008. On striking the right notes: Shifts in governance and the organisational transformation of universities. In From governance to identity: A Festschrift for Mary Henkel, ed. Alberto Amaral, Ivar Bleiklie, and Christine Musselin, 113–129. Dordrecht: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Höhle, E. A., and U. Teichler. 2013. The academic profession in the light of comparative surveys. In The academic profession in Europe: New tasks and new challenges, 23–38. Springer, Dordrecht.Google Scholar
- Krüger, K., M. Parellada, D. Samoilovich, and A. Sursock. 2018. Governance reforms in European university systems: The case of Austria, Denmark, Finland, France, the Netherlands and Portugal. Vol. 8. Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
- Neave, G. 1998. The evaluative state reconsidered. European Journal of Education 33 (3): 265–284.Google Scholar
- Neave, G., & van Vught, F. A. (1991). Prometheus bound: The changing relationship between government and higher education in Western Europe.Google Scholar
- Pinheiro, R. 2015. The role of internal and external stakeholders. In Higher Education in the BRICS Countries, 43–57. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Shattock, M. 2006. Managing good governance in higher education. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill Education (UK).Google Scholar