Academic Mobility, Inequities in Opportunity and Experience
- 387 Downloads
In this chapter, “academic mobility” specifically refers to international study abroad. While “academic mobility” can encompass a broader range of international education activities and include faculty and staff, the focus of this chapter utilizes a more narrow definition to briefly exemplify ways that international higher education is not equal or neutral.
Internationalization is not neutral. While the stated intentions about internationalization tend to incorporate values toward promoting goodwill for all, such as developing global citizenship and building diplomacy, the realities in an unequal world can be very different. The most common form of internationalization in higher education involves student mobility. In this chapter, we will address three key questions: How is the world “unequal” in terms of academic mobility? How is this a problem? What can/should we do about it?
- Altbach, P.G. 2016. Global perspectives on higher education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Altbach, P.G., L. Reisberg, and L.E. Rumbley. 2009. Trends in global higher education. Chestnut Hill: Boston College Center for International Higher Education.Google Scholar
- Cantwell, B., and J.J. Lee. 2010. Unseen workers in the academic factory: Perceptions of neo-racism among international postdocs in the US and UK. Harvard Education Review 80 (4): 490–517.Google Scholar
- Castiello, S., J. J. Lee, M. S. Marei, L. O’Toole, and G. Rhoades. 2016. Marketing to international students: Presentation of university self in a geopolitical space. Paper presented at the ASHE annual meeting. Columbus: ASHE.Google Scholar
- Department of Education and Training. 2015, November. Export income to Australia from international education activity in 2014–15. Retrieved 27 Jan 2017, from Research Snapshot: https://internationaleducation.gov.au/research/Research-Snapshots/Documents/Export%20Income%20FY2014-5.pdf.
- Didou Aupetit, S. 2013. Trends in student and academic mobility in Latin America: From “brain drain” to “brain gain”. In Latin America’s new knowledge economy: Higher education, government and international collaboration, ed. J. Balán, 71–81. New York: Institute of International Education.Google Scholar
- Dzulkifli, A.R. 2005. The internationalization of education: A western construct. In Going global. The landscape for policy makers and practitioners in tertiary education, ed. M. Stiasny and T. Gore, 13–20. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.Google Scholar
- Egron-Polak, E., and R. Hudson. 2014. Internationalization of higher education: Growing expectations, fundamental values. IAU 4th global survey. Paris: International Association of Universities.Google Scholar
- Garton-Ash, T. 2016, November 11. Populists are out to divide us. They must be stopped. The Guardian. Retrieved 24 Jan 2017, from https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/nov/11/populists-us.
- Holm-Nielsen, L., K. Thorn, J. Brunner, and J. Balán. 2005. Regional and international challenges to higher education in Latin America. In Higher education in Latin America: The international dimension, ed. H. De Wit, I. Jaramillo, J. Gacel-Ávila, and J. Knight, 39–99. Washington, DC: The World Bank.Google Scholar
- IEASA. 2014. Nelson Mandela Bay global dialogue declaration on the future of internationalisation of higher education. Port Elizabeth: IEASA.Google Scholar
- Jaquez, F., E. Ward, and M. Goguen. 2016. Collaborative engagement research and implications for institutional change. In Publicly engaged scholars: Next generation engagement and the future of higher education, ed. M. Post, E. Ward, N.V. Longo, and J. Saltmarsh, 76–95. Sterling: Stylus Publishing.Google Scholar
- Johnstone, B. 2006. Cost-sharing and the cost-effectiveness of grants and loan subsidies to higher education. In Cost-sharing and accessibility in higher education: A fairer deal? ed. P.N. Teixeira, D.B. Johnstone, M.J. Rosa, and H. Vossensteyn, 51–78. Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
- Killick, D. 2015. Developing the global student: Higher education in an era of globalization. New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
- Koyama, J. 2015. The elusive and exclusive global citizen. Delhi: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization/Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Education for Peace and Sustainable Development.Google Scholar
- Lee, J.J. 2017. Neo-nationalism in higher education: The case of South Africa. Studies in International Higher Education 42 (5): 869–886.Google Scholar
- Lee, J.J., J.-E. Jon, and K. Byun. 2016. Neo-racism and neo-nationalism within Asia: The experiences of international students in South Korea. Journal of Studies in International Education. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315316669903, 1–20.
- Macready, C., and C. Tucker. 2011. Who goes where and why? An overview and analysis of global education mobility. New York: The Institute of International Education.Google Scholar
- Marginson, S. 2016. Higher education and the common good. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
- Merton, R.K. 1973. The sociology of science: Theoretical and empirical investigations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Metcalfe, A.S. 2015. Whose structure, whose function? (Feminist) post-structural approaches in higher education policy research. In Critical approaches to the study of higher education, ed. A.M. Martinez-Aleman, E.M. Bensimon, and B. Pusser, 220–240. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- OECD. 2014. Education at a Glance 2014. OECD Indicators. OECD Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1787/eag-2014-en.
- Rhoads, R.A., and K. Szelényi. 2011. Global citizenship and the university: Advancing social life and relations in an interdependent world. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Yudkevich, M., P.G. Altbach, and L. Rumbley. 2016. Global university rankings as the ‘olympic games’ of higher education. In The global academic rankings game: Changing institutional policy, practice, and academic life, ed. M. Yudkevich, P.G. Altbach, and L. Rumbley, 1–11. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar