Higher Education Institutions, Types and Classifications of
Serve as shorthand for quickly characterizing an institution, especially if the groupings are widely understood and consensually accepted
Be incorporated or enshrined in policy for purposes of resource allocation and system differentiation
Help prospective students or staff members identify the pool of institutions they might wish to join
Be used in research for sampling, data analysis, or both
For the purposes of this entry, we consider the terms...
- Alekseev, O. 2014. First steps of Russian universities to top-100 global university rankings. Higher Education in Russia and Beyond 1 (1): 6–8. https://herb.hse.ru/data/2014/05/30/1325398755/1HERB_01_Spring.pdf. Accessed 9 Mar 2017.Google Scholar
- Carnegie Commission on Higher Education. 1971. New students and new places: Policies for the future growth and development of American higher education. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Carnegie Commission on Higher Education. 1973. A classification of institutions of higher education. Berkeley: Carnegie Commission on Higher Education.Google Scholar
- Graham, H.D. and N. Diamond. 1997. The rise of American research universities. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
- Hazelkorn, E. 2015. Rankings and the reshaping of higher education. The battle for world-class excellence. 2nd Edition. Basingstoke: Palgrave.Google Scholar
- McCormick, A. C. 2007. “Hidden in plain view.” Inside Higher Ed. http://www.insidehighered.com/views/2007/05/10/mccormick. Accessed 30 Jan 2017.
- Ruef, M. and M. Nag. 2015. The classification of organizational forms: Theory and application to the field of higher education. In Remaking college: The changing ecology of higher education, M. Stevens and M. Kirst. (Eds.) 84–109. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
- Sandmann, L. R., C. H. Thornton, and A. J. Jaeger. (Eds.) 2009. Institutionalizing community engagement in higher education: The first wave of Carnegie classified institutions. New Directions for Higher Education, issue 147. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
- van Vught, F.A., F. Kaiser, J.M. File, C. Gaethgens, R. Peter, and D.F. Westerheijden. 2010. U-Map: The European classification of higher education institutions. Enschede: CHEPS. http://about.u-map.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/U-MAP_final_report.pdf. Accessed 30 Jan 2017.
- Wiarda, J. 2008. “Klammerfrei.” Zeit Online. http://www.zeit.de/2008/12/C-Seitenhieb-12. Accessed 30 Jan 2017.
- Zha, Q. and R. Hayhoe. 2014. The “Beijing Consensus” and the Chinese model of university autonomy. Frontiers of Education in China 9 (1): 42–62.Google Scholar