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Use of Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) Activity and Disease Severity to Determine Secular Changes in Bone Disease as Applied to Paget’s Disease of the Bone

  • Luis Corral-GudinoEmail author
Reference work entry
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Part of the Biomarkers in Disease: Methods, Discoveries and Applications book series (BDMDA)

Abstract

A decrease in the prevalence of Paget’s disease of the bone during recent decades has been reported for different research groups. In addition to this change in prevalence, some authors have suggested a reduction in the severity of the disease. This secular change has been documented by a reduction in the extension of skeletal involvement and the finding of lower levels of ALP at diagnosis. The reasons for the change in prevalence and severity are poorly understood. Genetic factors which confer susceptibility for Paget’s disease, as SQSTM1 gene mutations, and their role on the severity of the disease have been suggested as possible explanation. Other factors, as the demographical or sociological changes in the susceptible populations, have been postulated as alternative hypothesis.

Keywords

Alkaline phosphatase Paget’s disease Prevalence Secular trends SQSTM1 protein 

List of Abbreviations

ALP

Alkaline phosphatase

CSF1

Colony stimulating factor 1

NUP205

Nucleoporin 205-KD

OPTN

Optineurin

PINP

Procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide

PML

Promyelocytic leukemia

RIN3

Ras and Rab interactor 3

SQSTM1

Sequestosome 1 human protein

TM7SF4

Transmembrane 7 superfamily, member 4

TNFRS

Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily

UK

United Kingdom

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Internal Medicine DepartmentHospital el BierzoPonferradaSpain

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