Encyclopedia of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Mortimer Sellers, Stephan Kirste

Deontic Logic and Legal Rules

  • Ana Dimishkovska
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6730-0_228-1

Introduction: The Concept of Deontic Logic

Deontic logic is a branch of logic that studies normative concepts such as obligation (“ought”), permission (“may”), prohibition (“may not”), and other related notions (“optional,” “good,” “bad,” “claim,” “power,” “liberty,” “immunity,” “supererogatory,” “blameworthy,” “praiseworthy,” etc.). It investigates the logical features of these concepts, as well as the logical relations among propositions that contain them as their essential constituents. Deontic logic is also concerned with the study of norms, normative systems, and different forms of normative reasoning. That is why it is considered to be particularly relevant for investigating the logical aspects of law, ethics, and other fields in which this kind of reasoning plays a prominent role (see Hilpinnen 1981, 2002; McNamara 2006; Von Wright 1951, 1999).

The origin of the term “deontic” can be traced back to the Greek word “δέον” (gen. δέοντος), which may be translated as “duly,” “as it...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in SkopjeSkopjeMacedonia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Miodrag Jovanovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Theory, Sociology and Philosophy of LawUniversity of Belgrade, Faculty of LawBelgradeSerbia