Encyclopedia of Migration

Living Edition
| Editors: Reed Ueda

Labor Migration Policies: A Typology

  • Holger Kolb
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6179-7_120-1


Against the background of demographic changes and tendencies of aggravating skill shortages in various sectors of national economies, most industrialized countries have developed and implemented specific sets of policies to attract labor migrants in general and those with a particular set of skills in particular. Those specific approaches tended to vary significantly in terms of the technique applied for screening and selecting, the definition of the target group as well as the temporal outline of the programs and thus the question whether migration is planned to take place on a permanent or temporary basis. Given this variety of state approaches, a number of typological attempts emerged to develop a systematic and relatively general framework to categorize and compare different technical approaches of labor migration policies.

Demand- Versus Supply-Driven Policies and Other Typological Approaches

The most general and widespread method is to distinguish between demand- and...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Expert Council of German Foundations on Integration and MigrationBerlinGermany

Section editors and affiliations

  • Laurence Lessard-Phillips
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Policy and Social Work, School of Social PolicyUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK