Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics

Living Edition
| Editors: David M. Kaplan

Vertical Farms in Horticulture

  • Dickson DespommierEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_88-3



Vertical farms are multistory buildings containing an environment conducive to the growing of fruits, vegetables, and nonedible plants for things such as biofuels, drugs, and vaccines. Vertical farms take advantage of the same technologies that enable high-tech greenhouses to flourish. Vertical farms (VFs) are a form of controlled environment agriculture (CEA).

Since the 1990s, with the development of sophisticated hydroponic, and to a lesser extent aeroponic growing systems, CEA has matured into a commercially viable strategy for the large-scale production of a wide variety of crops (Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses 2005). Historically, attempts to grow large amounts of vegetables and fruits indoors failed to evolve into commercially successful businesses, due largely to the lack of reliable technologies for growing plants hydroponically. Dr. William Gericke is given most of the credit for improving...


Dung Beetle Leafy Green Vegetable Plant Factory Commercial Greenhouse Multistory Building 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA