The Wetland Book pp 1551-1563 | Cite as

Yangtze River Basin (China)

Reference work entry

Abstract

The Yangtze River, originating in the Tanggula Mountains, is the longest river in China and the third longest in the world. It flows from west to east across 11 provinces (or autonomous regions and municipalities) for about 6,300 km before emptying into the East China Sea at Shanghai. The Yangtze River ranks first nationally in terms of water flow, with total water resources of 960 billion m3, making up about 36% of the runoff volume in China, 20 times larger than that of the Yellow River. The wetlands along the Yangtze River Basin cover a total area of 20.74 Mha, accounting for 38.69% of the national wetland area. This chapter introduces the wetlands distributed in the headstream, the upper reaches, the middle and lower reaches and the estuary of Yangtze River. Further, the chapter identifies the challenges faced by the wetlands along Yangtze River.

Keywords

Yangtze river Wetland Biodiversity Human disturbance Three gorges dam 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Wetland ResearchChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingChina

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