The Wetland Book pp 1243-1250 | Cite as

Nile River Basin

  • Matthew McCartney
  • Lisa-Maria Rebelo
Reference work entry


The Nile, the World’s longest river, is well endowed with wetlands, including the Sudd, one of the World’s largest. The wetlands are not only biodiversity hotspots but also vital for the livelihoods and wellbeing of people. In total there are 14 Ramsar Sites in the basin and thousands of smaller, lesser-known wetlands. Many of these wetlands sustain rural communities through the provision of drinking water and by supporting fisheries, livestock and cultivation. There are a number of current threats to the basin wetlands, including inappropriate agricultural practices, overfishing, invasive species, and extraction of minerals and oil. Ambitious plans for hydropower and irrigation development, as well as rapid population increase and climate change, all pose future challenges to the sustainable management of the wetlands.


Biodiversity Hydrology Livelihoods Ecosystem services Agriculture Fisheries 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecosystem ServicesInternational Water Management InstituteVientianeLao People’s Democratic Republic
  2. 2.Water FuturesInternational Water Management InstituteVientianeLao People’s Democratic Republic
  3. 3.Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the MekongInternational Water Management InstituteVientianeLao People’s Democratic Republic

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