The Wetland Book pp 1137-1147 | Cite as

Axios, Aliakmon, and Gallikos Delta Complex (Northern Greece)

  • Despoina Vokou
  • Urania Giannakou
  • Christina Kontaxi
  • Stella Vareltzidou
Reference work entry


This is a complex wetland area of northern Greece encompassing the mouths of rivers, riverbeds and lagoons, in close proximity to Thessaloniki, the second largest city and the second most important harbour in the country. It offers major ecosystem services and despite this proximity and the major hydraulic works in the 20th century, it is still an area of beauty, of high biodiversity value, and home to many important species, primarily birds and fish. More than 290 bird species, of which some are globally threatened, and more than 80 species of fish including a Greek endemic are reported from the area. There are several designations for this important delta complex: a Ramsar Site, a national park, and a number of Natura 2000 sites and wildlife refuges. Current threats make the management of the Axios, Aliakmon and Gallikos Delta complex a challenging goal.


Axios Conservation Estuaries Ecosystem services Lagoon Mussel culture Riparian forest Thermaikos gulf Thessaloniki Threatened species Natura 2000 sites 


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Despoina Vokou
    • 1
  • Urania Giannakou
    • 2
  • Christina Kontaxi
    • 3
  • Stella Vareltzidou
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Ecology, School of BiologyAristotle University of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  2. 2.Department of Medical Laboratory Studies, School of Health and Medical CareAlexander Technological Educational Institute of ThessalonikiThessalonikiGreece
  3. 3.Administration of Environment and Spatial PlanningRegion of Central MacedoniaThessalonikiGreece
  4. 4.Axios-Loudias-Aliakmonas Management AuthorityChalastra, ThessalonikiGreece

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