The Wetland Book pp 1977-1990 | Cite as

Wetlands of New Zealand

Reference work entry

Abstract

New Zealand is an archipelago located in the South Pacific Ocean comprising two large islands and numerous smaller islands spread over 23° of latitude. It has a relatively wet climate with mean annual rainfall of around 600–4,000 mm per year depending on geographic region. The landscape is geologically active and varied, dominated in different regions by mountains, glacial valleys, volcanic plateaus, broad floodplains, and lowlands, with an extensive coastline. Here we provide an overview of New Zealand wetlands, describing the key wetland types, flora and fauna, progress with implementing the Ramsar Convention relevant wetland policy, approaches to restoration, and cultural connections. The focus is on freshwater and estuarine systems, particularly palustrine wetlands such as bogs, fens, swamps, and marshes.

Keywords

New Zealand wetlands pressures management threatened species 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Wetland TrustCambridge, WaikatoNew Zealand
  2. 2.Freshwater SectionDepartment of ConservationNelsonNew Zealand

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