• Jere A. Boudell
Reference work entry


Disturbance is a natural process that disrupts the environment and can impact species through injury, death, or migration. A disturbance also creates landscape heterogeneity if landscape elements (e.g., logs and soil) are modified or removed. Disturbance can remove competitors and release resources, allowing new species and individuals to occupy the newly available space. These dynamics are referred to as patch/gap dynamics.


Disturbance Gap dynamics Patch dynamics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyClayton State UniversityMorrowUSA

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