Hydrologic and Treatment Performance of Constructed Wetlands: The Everglades Stormwater Treatment Areas

  • Wossenu Abtew
  • Tracey Piccone
  • Kathleen Pietro
  • Shi Kui Xue
Reference work entry


Constructed wetlands are now widely used around the world for water treatment. The Everglades Stormwater Treatment Areas (STAs) are currently the largest constructed wetlands and are reducing Total Phosphorus (TP) concentrations in agricultural and urban runoff that flows into the Everglades. Average inflow flow-weighted TP concentration is 140 ppb and an average of 73 percent removal efficiency is observed from all the STAs. Total area of the STAs is 27,530 ha and target water depth is 38-46 cm.


Constructed wetlands Everglades Runoff treatment Stormwater treatment areas Phosphorus removal 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Resources DivisionWater Quality Bureau, South Florida Water Management DistrictWest Palm BeachUSA
  2. 2.Applied Sciences BureauSouth Florida Water Management DistrictWest Palm BeachUSA

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