The Wetland Book pp 2097-2104 | Cite as

Wetland Triggers for Strategic Environmental Assessment

  • Roel Slootweg
Reference work entry


Wetland triggers in Strategic Environmental Assessment - factors that signal the need for special attention to wetlands - are (1) ecosystem services provided by the affected area; (2) activities that may be direct drivers of change in ecosystem services; (3) indirect drivers of change. For Trigger (1), the ecosystem services (including biodiversity) need to be assessed and valued. For Triggers (2) and (3), the drivers of change leading to biophysical change need to be identified and the potential impact estimated. In case of a combination of (1) and (2), a combined assessment is done which allows for greater detail in defining the expected impacts. The article presents an overview of the procedures for incorporating wetlands and biodiversity in the SEA process.


Strategic environmental assessment Wetlands Triggers for SEA Ecosystem services Biodiversity Decision-making 


  1. Ramsar Convention. Impact assessment: guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment, Ramsar handbooks for the wise use of wetlands, vol. 16. 4th ed. Gland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat; 2010.Google Scholar
  2. Slootweg R, Kolhoff A, Verheem R, Höft R. Biodiversity in EIA and SEA. Background document to CBD decision VIII/28: voluntary guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment. Utrecht: Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment; 2006 (English, Spanish and French version published as Technical Paper No. 26 by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity). Available at: Scholar
  3. Slootweg R, Rajvanshi A, Mathur VB, Kolhoff A. Biodiversity in environmental assessment: enhancing ecosystem services for human well-being. Ecology, biodiversity & conservation series. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2009. 487 p.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Slootweg en van SchootenOegstgeestThe Netherlands

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