The Wetland Book pp 2065-2070 | Cite as

Health Impact Assessment for Wetlands

  • Roel Slootweg
Reference work entry


Wetlands traditionally were considered a threat to human health through water-borne diseases. More recently, the positive contributions of wetland ecosystem services to human well-being and health are recognized broadly but need more clear articulation in planning and management. Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for water and wetlands need to incorporate health issues in a comprehensive way to ensure a balanced assessment of health risks, benefits and safeguards. This can be done by recognizing that wetlands not only satisfy biophysical and material human needs for water and nutrition, but also provide important socio-cultural, aesthetic and spiritual benefits. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) consists of procedures, methods and tools that evaluate the effects of policies, plans, programs or projects on the health of a population and identify appropriate management actions. HIA thus influences decision-making to ensure effective integration of health protection and promotion into development planning.


Health impact assessment Strategic environmental assessment Environmental impact assessment Development planning Ecosystem services Wetland ecosystems 


  1. Horwitz P, Finlayson M, Weinstein P. Healthy wetlands, healthy people: a review of wetlands and human health interactions, Ramsar technical report, vol. 6. Gland/Geneva: Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands/World Health Organization; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. Quigley R, den Broeder L, Furu P, Bond A, Cave B, Bos R. Health impact assessment international best practice principles, Special publication series, vol. 5. Fargo: International Association for Impact Assessment; 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Slootweg en van SchootenOegstgeestThe Netherlands

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