The Wetland Book pp 2071-2075 | Cite as

Environmental Impact Assessment for Wetlands: Assessment and Evaluation

  • Roel Slootweg
Reference work entry


The main goal of the “Impact assessment and Evaluation” phase of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is to improve the understanding of impacts identified during the screening and scoping and to evaluate various aspects including e.g. assessment criteria, mitigation and management of impacts. In this article some practical lessons of wetland assessment studies are presented, such as the importance of seasonal variability, the involvement of local communities and other stakeholders, and the importance of considering the full range of drivers of change. The paper concludes with a discussion of the assessment of genetic, species and ecosystem diversity in wetlands.


Environmental impact assessment Impact assessment and evaluation Decision-making Environmental policy Governance Biodiversity 


  1. CBD. Decision VIII/28 Impact assessment: voluntary guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive impact assessment. Montreal: Convention on Biological Diversity; 2006.
  2. Convention R. Impact assessment: Guidelines on biodiversity-inclusive environmental impact assessment and strategic environmental assessment. In: Ramsar Handbooks for the wise use of wetlands, vol. 16. 4th ed. Gland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat; 2010.Google Scholar
  3. Slootweg R, Kolhoff A, Verheem R, Höft R. Biodiversity in EIA and SEA. Background Document to CBD Decision VIII/28: Voluntary Guidelines on Biodiversity-Inclusive Impact Assessment. Utrecht: Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment; 2006. (English, Spanish and French version published as Technical Paper No. 26 by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Slootweg en van SchootenOegstgeestThe Netherlands

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