The Wetland Book pp 1453-1457 | Cite as

Supporting Services: A Summary

Reference work entry

Abstract

Supporting services comprise services internal to ecosystems, maintaining their integrity, functioning, and resilience including their capacity to produce other more directly exploited ecosystem services (provisioning, regulatory, and cultural services). They relate to processes and functions within ecosystems which, though of fundamental importance, generally have no associated market values and have historically been overlooked in economic analyses and management. Recognizing, valuing (generally in nonmonetary terms), and incorporating these vital services into wetland management are vital for system integrity and health.

Keywords

Supporting services Photosynthesis Soil formation Habitat Resilience Functioning Cycling Integrity 

References

  1. EarthSky. How much do oceans add to world’s oxygen? EarthSky; 2014. http://earthsky.org/earth/how-much-do-oceans-add-to-worlds-oxygen. Accessed 4 Sept 2014.
  2. Everard M. Breathing space: the natural and unnatural history of the air. London: Zed Books; 2015.Google Scholar
  3. FAO. The state of the world’s land and water resources for food and agriculture. Managing systems at risk. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/Earthscan; 2011.Google Scholar
  4. Hannah L, Lohse D, Hutchinson C, Carr JL, Lankerani A. A priliminary inventory of human disturbance of world ecosystems. Ambio. 1994;23(4–5):246–50.Google Scholar
  5. Harper AB, Baker IT, Denning AS, Randall DA, Dazlich D, Branson M. Impact of evapotranspiration on dry season climate in the Amazon forest. J Clim. 2014;27(2):574–91. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00074.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hugron S, Bussières J, Rochefort L. Tree plantations within the context of ecological restoration of peatlands: practical guide. Québec: Peatland Ecology Research Group, Université Laval; 2013. http://www.gret-perg.ulaval.ca/uploads/media/Tree_Plantation_guide.pdf. Accessed 4 Sept 2014.
  7. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and human well-being: synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2005a.Google Scholar
  8. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water synthesis. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; 2005b.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Water Security NetworkUniversity of the West of EnglandBristolUK

Personalised recommendations