Management of Provisioning Services: Overview

Reference work entry

Abstract

Provisioning services comprise extractable material and energy provided by ecosystems. Many of the services that are most directly exploited by people are provisioning services, including for example food, fiber, water, and medicinal products. Dependable flows of food, water, and other key provisioning services are an essential basis for human wellbeing.

However, overexploitation of many provisioning services such as intensive food or timber production can overlook the importance of other services and the integrity of productive ecosystems themselves. Agriculture in particular is a major contributor to the degradation of wetland quantity, quality, and diversity globally, as well as at national scale.

The challenge of management of wetlands for provisioning services is two-fold. Firstly, sustainable management is required to ensure reliable flows of provisioning services. Secondly, there is a need for systemic management of ecosystems such that provisioning services are not extracted at rates and by means that erode the supply of other ecosystem services and the integrity of productive habitats.

Keywords

Natural capital Resources Systemic management Food Timber Water resources 

References

  1. Everard M, Appleby T. Ecosystem services and the common law: evaluating the full scale of damages. Environ Law Manage. 2008;20:325–39.Google Scholar
  2. Everard M, Denny P, Croucher C. SWAMP: a knowledge-based system for the dissemination of sustainable development expertise to the developing World. Aquat Conserv. 1995;5(4):261–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Leopold A. A sand county almanac: and essays on conservation from round river. New York: Oxford University Press; 1949.Google Scholar
  4. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems & human well-being: synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press; 2005a.Google Scholar
  5. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Ecosystems and human well-being: wetlands and water synthesis. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute; 2005b.Google Scholar
  6. Ramsar Convention Secretariat. Handbook 9: integrating wetland conservation and wise use into river basin management. 4 ed. Gland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat ; 2010.http://www.ramsar.org/pdf/lib/hbk4-09.pdfGoogle Scholar
  7. TEEB TEEB for policy makers – summary: responding to the value of nature [online]; 2009. Available at: http://www.teebweb.org/Portals/25/Documents/TEEB%20for%20National%20Policy%20Makers/TEEB%20for%20Policy%20exec%20English.pdf. Accessed 5 May 2011.
  8. The Economist. Unquenchable thirst. The Economist. 19 Nov 2011; http://www.economist.com/node/21538687
  9. UK National Ecosystem Assessment. The UK national ecosystem assessment: synthesis of the key findings. Cambridge: UNEP-WCMC; 2011.Google Scholar
  10. UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). Human Development Report 2004: cultural liberty in today’s diverse world. New York: UNDP (http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/.); 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. United Nations. (2015). Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015: 70/1. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for. Sustainable Development. United Nations General assembly, New York. (http://www.un.org/en/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E, accessed 12th September 2016).
  12. Wood A, van Halsema GE. Scoping agriculture – wetland interactions: towards a sustainable multiple-response strategy. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2008. (Quote from page xi).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Water Security Network, University of the West of EnglandBristolUK

Personalised recommendations