Strategic Environmental Assessments

  • Mark Everard
Reference work entry


Strategic impact assessment (SEA) is a systematic decision support process, aimed generally at the programmatic level rather than at project of individual scheme level. (The Environmental impact assessment process is generally applied at more localized scheme level.) The purpose of SEA is to ensure that environmental and possibly other sustainability aspects are considered effectively in policy, plan, and program making.


Strategic environmental assessment Environmental impact assessment OECD New Zealand Environmental impact statement environmental impact plan 


  1. EU. Review of the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Directive; 2014. Accessed 8 Aug 2014.
  2. EU. Europcean SEA Directive 2001/42/EC; 2001. Accessed 8 Aug 2014.
  3. Fischer TB. Theory and practice of strategic environmental assessment. London: Earthscan; 2007.Google Scholar
  4. Ramsar Commission. Resolution X.17 by the 10th Conference of the Contracting Parties, Changwon, Republic of Korea, 2008; 2008. Accessed 8 Aug 2014.
  5. Ramsar Convention Secretariat. Impact assessment. In: Ramsar handbooks, 4th ed. Handbook 16. Gland: Ramsar Convention Secretariat; 2010. Accessed 8 Aug 2014.
  6. UNECE. Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary context. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE); 1991. Accessed 8 Aug 2014.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Water Security Network, University of the West of EnglandBristolUK

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