Payments for Ecosystem Services: Examples from Around the World

Reference work entry

Abstract

Payments for ecosystem services (PES) (Payments for Ecosystem Services: Definition) – the creation of markets for ecosystem services between beneficiaries and “suppliers” influencing their production – is becoming increasingly widespread around the world. Many PES schemes address aspects of the water cycle and water-mediated ecosystem services, and so have direct relevance to wetlands and wetland processes within landscapes. Global examples of PES schemes also address a diversity of other services ranging, for example, from biodiversity, fishery, and water resource protection to carbon sequestration, amenity and tourism access, landscape aesthetics, and some elements of spiritual values. This chapter provides examples of water-related PES schemes drawn from Asia, Europe, the Americas, Australasia and Africa.

Keywords

Water resources Biodiversity Cultural values Markets Ecosystem services Subsidies Policy Carbon sequestration 

References

  1. Bennett MT, Xu J. China’s sloping land conversion program: institutional innovation or business as usual? Workshop on “Payments for Environmental Services (PES) – Methods and Design in Developing and Developed Countries”. 2005. Available at: http://www.cifor.cgiar.org/pes/publications/pdf_files/China_paper.pdf. Accessed 5 May 2011.
  2. Blaine JG, Sweeney BW, Arscott DB. Enhanced source-water monitoring for New York City: historical framework, political context, and project design. J N Am Benthol Soc. 2006;25(4):851–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Déprés C, Grolleau G, Mzoughi N. Contracting for environmental property rights: the case of Vittel. Paper presented at the 99th Seminar of the European Association of Agricultural Economists, Copenhagen, 24–27 Aug 2005. Available online at: http://www.eaae2005.dk/CONTRIBUTED_PAPERS/S59_713_Mzoughi_etal.pdf#search=%22observatoire%20environnement%202005%20vittel%22
  4. Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in the United States of America. Yangtze River flow set to exceed level of catastrophic 1998 floods. 2010. Available at: http://www.china-embassy.org/eng/gdxw/t718036.htm. Accessed 5 May 2011.
  5. Forest and Grassland Taskforce of China. In pursuit of a sustainable Green West. Newsletter; 2003.Google Scholar
  6. Funk J. Maori farmers look to environmental markets in New Zealand. Ecosystem Marketplace, 24 Jan 2006.Google Scholar
  7. Maloti Drakensberg Transfrontier Project Payment for ecosystem services: developing an ecosystem services trading model for the Mnweni/Cathedral Peak and Eastern Cape Drakensberg Areas. In: Mander M, editor. INR Report IR281. Development Bank of Southern Africa, Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Department of Environment Affairs and Tourism, Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife, South Africa. 2007.Google Scholar
  8. Mander M, Blignaut J, Van Niekirk M, Cowling R, Horan M, Knoesen D, Mills A, Powell M, Schulze R. Baviaanskloof and Tsitsikamma payment for ecosystem services: a feasibility study. Everton: FutureWorks; 2010.Google Scholar
  9. New York City Department for Environmental Protection. Undated. http://www.nyc.gov/html/dep/html/watershed_protection
  10. OECD. Paying for biodiversity: enhancing the cost-effectiveness of payments for ecosystem services. Paris: OECD Publishing; 2010. doi: 10.1787/9789264090279-enGoogle Scholar
  11. Perrot-Maître D. The Vittel payments for ecosystem services: a “perfect” PES case? London: International Institute for Environment and Development; 2006.Google Scholar
  12. TEEB. TEEB for policy makers – summary: responding to the value of nature. 2009. Available at: http://www.teebweb.org/Portals/25/Documents/TEEB%20for%20National%20Policy%20Makers/TEEB%20for%20Policy%20exec%20English.pdf. Accessed 5 May 2011.
  13. Weyerhaeuser H, Wilkes A, Kahrl F. Local impacts and responses to regional forest conservation and rehabilitation programs in China’s Northwest Yunnan Province. Agr Syst. 2005;85:234–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Xu J, Yin R, Li Z, Liu C. China’s ecological rehabilitation: Unprecedented efforts, dramatic impacts, and requisite policies. Ecol Econ. 2006;57:595–607.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Water Security Network, University of the West of EnglandBristolUK

Personalised recommendations