Payments for Ecosystem Services: Examples from Around the World
Payments for ecosystem services (PES) (Payments for Ecosystem Services: Definition) – the creation of markets for ecosystem services between beneficiaries and “suppliers” influencing their production – is becoming increasingly widespread around the world. Many PES schemes address aspects of the water cycle and water-mediated ecosystem services, and so have direct relevance to wetlands and wetland processes within landscapes. Global examples of PES schemes also address a diversity of other services ranging, for example, from biodiversity, fishery, and water resource protection to carbon sequestration, amenity and tourism access, landscape aesthetics, and some elements of spiritual values. This chapter provides examples of water-related PES schemes drawn from Asia, Europe, the Americas, Australasia and Africa.
KeywordsWater resources Biodiversity Cultural values Markets Ecosystem services Subsidies Policy Carbon sequestration
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