Enforcement: Wetlands

  • Meredith Weinberg
Reference work entry


Enforcement of laws and regulations protecting wetlands is an important piece of the proverbial wetlands management puzzle. Enforcement usually works in concert with other actions like identification of wetlands, education on the importance of wetlands conservation, and restoration of wetlands that have been damaged or destroyed. Tools for wetlands enforcement vary greatly, and three examples of such tools are as follows: (1) criminal and civil enforcement of law protecting wetlands; (2) administrative actions ranging from notification to violators of wetlands protections to voluntary agreements requiring restoration and future compliance with wetlands protections; and (3) use of diplomatic relationships to enforce wetland protection measures.


Protection Management Conservation Restoration Criminal enforcement Civil enforcement Diplomatic relationships 


  1. Environmental Law Institute. State wetland protection: status, trends, and modeling approaches – a 50-state study. Washington, DC: Environmental Law Institute; 2008.Google Scholar
  2. Griffin, P. The Ramsar convention: a new window for environmental diplomacy? Institute for Environmental Diplomacy & Security Research Series. 2012; A1-2012-1.Google Scholar
  3. Kunich JC. Ark of the broken covenant: protecting the world’s biodiversity hotspots. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group; 2003.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Perkins Coie LLPSeattleUSA

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