Advertisement

New Daily Persistent Headache, Hemicrania Continua, Primary Stabbing Headache, Hypnic Headache, Nummular Headache

  • Stefan Evers
  • Juan A. Pareja
Reference work entry

Abstract

In section 4 of the International Headache Society classification, a group of miscellaneous idiopathic headache disorders is described. Among these, new daily persistent headache, hemicrania continua, primary stabbing headache, and hypnic headache can be found. In addition, nummular headache is defined as an idiopathic headache; however, it is only described in the research section of the classification. The typical clinical features, the epidemiology, and the management of these headaches are described. Most of them do not require specific treatment and are, at least in part, responsive to indomethacin. Symptomatic causes of these headache features have to be ruled out by brain scanning and other procedures. In detail, new daily persistent headache is mostly refractory to any kind of treatment, although antidepressants and anticonvulsants are tried. Hemicrania continua shows an absolute response to indomethacin, but an alternative treatment could be greater occipital nerve stimulation. Primary stabbing headache is also often responsive to indomethacin, in many cases patients do not really suffer from this headache disorder. Hypnic headache can be treated by a cup of strong coffee before going to bed or by lithium. Nummular headache is responsive to anticonvulsants in some cases.

Keywords

Cluster Headache Headache Disorder Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Headache Type Paroxysmal Hemicrania 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Afridi SK, Shields KG, Bhola R, Goadsby PJ (2006) Greater occipital nerve injection in primary headache syndromes: prolonged effects from a single injection. Pain 122:126–129PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Álvaro LC, García JM, Areitio E (2009) Nummular headache: a series with symptomatic and primary cases. Cephalalgia 29:379–383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Antonaci F (1991) The sweating pattern in “hemicrania continua”. Funct Neurol 6:371–375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Antonaci F, Sjaastad O (1992) Hemicrania continua: a possible symptomatic case, due to mesenchymal tumor. Funct Neurol 7:471–474PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Antonaci F, Bovim G, Fasano ML, Bonamico L, Shen JM (1992) Pain thresholds in humans. A study with pressure algometer. Funct Neurol 7:283–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Antonaci F, Pareja JA, Caminero AB, Sjaastad O (1997) Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and hemicrania continua: anaesthetic blockades of pericranial nerves. Funct Neurol 12:11–15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Antonaci F, Pareja JA, Caminero AB, Sjaastad O (1998a) CPH and hemicrania continua: lack of efficacy of sumatriptan. Headache 38:197–200PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Antonaci F, Pareja JA, Caminero AB, Sjaastad O (1998b) Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and hemicrania continua. Parenteral indomethacin: the ‘indotest'. Headache 38:122–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Ashkenazi A, Abbas MA, Sharma DK, Silberstein SD (2007) Hemicrania continua-like headache associated with internal carotid artery dissection may respond to indomethacin. Headache 47:127–130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Barriga FJ, Hernández T, Pardo J (2004) Cefalea numular: serie prospectiva de 20 nuevos casos. Neurologia 19:541, abstractGoogle Scholar
  11. Bordini C, Antonaci F, Stovner LJ, Schrader H, Sjaastad O (1991) “Hemicrania continua”: a clinical review. Headache 31:20–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Brighina F, Palermo A, Cosentino G, Fierro B (2007) Prophylaxis of hemicrania continua: two new cases effectively treated with topiramate. Headache 47:441–443PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Brilla R, Evers S, Sörös P, Husstedt IW (1998) Hemicrania continua in an HIV-infected outpatient. Cephalalgia 18:287–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Burns B, Watkins L, Goadsby PJ (2008) Treatment of hemicrania continua by occipital nerve stimulation with a bion device: long-term follow-uo of a cross over study. Lancet Neurol 7:1001–1012PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Camarda C, Camarda R, Monastero R (2008) Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and hemicrania continua responding to topiramate. Two case reports. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 110:88–91PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Chakravarty A (2003) Chronic daily headaches: clinical profile in Indian patients. Cephalalgia 23:348–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Cohen AS, Matharu MS, Goadsby PJ (2007) Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia. Current and future treatments. Headache 47:951–962Google Scholar
  18. Cuadrado ML, Valle B, Fernández de las Peñas C, Barriga FJ, Pareja JA (2009) Bifocal nummular headache: the first three cases. Cephalalgia 29:583–586PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Cuadrado M, Porta-Etessam J, Pareja JA, Matías-Guiu J (2010a) Hemicrania continua responsive to trochlear injection of corticosteroids. Cephalalgia 30:373–374PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Cuadrado ML, Valle B, Fernández-de-las-Peñas C (2010b) Pressure pain sensitivity of the head in patients with nummular headache: a cartographic study. Cephalalgia 30(2):200–206PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Dach F, Speciali J, Eckeli A, Rodrigues GG, Bordini CA (2006) Nummular headache: three new cases. Cephalalgia 26:1234–1237PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Dangond T, Spierings ELH (1993) Idiopathic stabbing headaches lasting a few seconds. Headache 33:257–258PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Dexter JD, Weitzman ED (1970) The relationship of nocturnal headaches to sleep stage patterns. Neurology 20:513–518PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Diaz-Mitoma F, Vanast WJ, Tyrrell DL (1987) Increased frequency of Epstein-Barr virus excretion in patients with new daily persistent headaches. Lancet i:411–415Google Scholar
  25. Dodick DW (2000) Polysomnography in hypnic headache syndrome. Headache 40:748–752PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Dodick DW, Mosek AC, Campbell JK (1998) The hypnic (“alarm clock”) headache syndrome. Cephalalgia 18:152–156PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Dodick DW, Eross E, Parish JM (2003) Clinical, anatomical, and physiological relationship between sleep and headache. Headache 43:282–292PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Drummond PD, Lance JW (1984) Neurovascular disturbances in headache patients. Clin Exp Neurol 20:93–99PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Ekbom K (1975) Some observations on pain in cluster headache. Headache 14:219–225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Eross EJ, Swanson JW, Dodick DW (2002) Hemicrania continua: an indomethacin-responsive case with an underlying malignant etiology. Headache 42:527–529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Espada F, Escalza I, Morales-Asín F, Nasas I, Iñiguez C, Mauri JA (1999) Hemicrania continua: nine new cases. Cephalalgia 19:442Google Scholar
  32. Evans RW (2003) New daily persistent headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep 7:303–307PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Evans RW (2007) Hemicrania continua-like headache due to nonmetastatic lung cancer: a vagal cephalalgia. Headache 47:1349–1351PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Evans R, Pareja JA (2005) Nummular headache. Headache 45:164–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Evans RW, Rozen TD (2001) Etiology and treatment of new daily persistent headache. Headache 41:830–832PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Evers S, Goadsby PJ (2003b) Hypnic headache. Clinical features, pathophysiology, and treatment. Neurology 60:905–910PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Evers S, Rahmann A, Schwaag S, Lüdemann P, Husstedt IW (2003a) Hypnic headache - the first German cases including polysomnography. Cephalalgia 23:20–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Fernández-de-las Peñas C, Cuadrado ML, Barriga FJ, Pareja JA (2006) Local decrease of pressure pain threshold in nummular headache. Headache 46:1195–1198PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Fernández-de-las Peñas C, Peñacoba-Puente C, López-López A, Valle B, Cuadrado ML, Barriga FJ, Pareja JA (2009) Depression and anxiety are not related to nummular headache. J Headache Pain 10:441–445PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Fernández-de-las-Peñas C, Cuadrado ML, Barriga FJ, Pareja JA (2007) Pericranial tenderness is not related to nummular headache. Cephalalgia 27:182–186PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. França MC Jr, Costa ALC, Maciel JA Jr (2004) Gabapentin-responsive idiopathic stabbing headache. Cephalalgia 24:993–996PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Fredriksen TA, Hovdal H, Sjaastad O (1987) “Cervicogenic headache”: clinical manifestations. Cephalalgia 7:147–160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Fusco C, Pisani F, Faienza C (2003) Idiopathic stabbing headache: clinical characteristics of children and adolescents. Brain Dev 25:237–240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. García-Pastor A, Guillem-Mesado A, Salinero-Paniagua J, Giménez-Roldán S (2002) Fusiform aneurysm of the scalp: an unusual cause of focal headache in Marfan syndrome. Headache 42:908–910PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Goadsby PJ, Boes C (2002) New daily persistent headache. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 72(Suppl 2):ii6–ii9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Grande RB, Aaseth K, Lundqvist C, Russell MB (2009) Prevalence of new daily persistent headache in the general population. The Akershus study of chronic headache. Cephalalgia 29:1149–1155PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Grosberg BM, Solomon S, Lipton RB (2007) Nummular headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep 11:310–312PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Guerrero AL, Martín-Polo J, Tejero MA, Gutiérrez F, Iglesias F, Sánchez-Barranco F (2007) Representación de la cefalea numular en una consulta general de neurología. Neurologia 22:716, AbstractGoogle Scholar
  49. Guillem A, Barriga FJ, Giménez-Roldán S (2007) Nummular headache secondary to an intracranial mass lesion. Cephalalgia 27:943–944PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Guillem A, Barriga FJ, Giménez-Roldán S (2009) Nummular headache associated to arachnoid cysts. J Headache Pain 10:215–217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Irimia P, Arbizu J, Prieto E, Fernández-Torrón R, Martínez-Vila E (2009) Activation of the brainstem but not of the hypothalamus in hemicrania continua without autonomic symptoms. Cephalalgia 29:974–979PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Jacome DE (2001) Exploding head syndrome and idiopathic stabbing headache relieved by nifedipine. Cephalalgia 21:617–618PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Kraya T, Gaul C (2008) Münzkopfschmerz: eine bislang wenig bekannte Kopfschmerzkrankung. Nervenarzt 79:202–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Kumar KL, Bordiuk JD (1991) Hemicrania continua: a therapeutic dilemma. Headache 31:345PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Láinez MJ, Monzon MJ (2001) Chronic daily headache. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep 1:118–124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Lance JW, Anthony M (1971) Migrainous neuralgia or cluster headache? J Neurol Sci 13:401–414PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Lansche RK (1964) Ophthalmodynia periodica. Headache 4:247–249PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Lanteri-Minet M, Auray JP, El Hasnaoui A, Dartigues JF, Duru G, Henry P, Lucas C, Pradalier A, Chazot G, Gaudin AF (2003) Prevalence and description of chronic daily headache in the general population in France. Pain 102:143–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Lay CL, Newman LC (1999) Postraumatic hemicrania continua. Headache 39:275–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Levy MJ, Matharu MS, Goadsby PJ (2003) Prolactinomas, dopamine agonists and headache: two case reports. Eur J Neurol 10:169–171PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Levy MJ, Matharu MS, Meeran K, Powell M, Goadsby PJ (2005) The clinical characteristics of headache in patients with pituitary tumours. Brain 128:1921–1930PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Li D, Rozen TD (2002) The clinical characterisation of new daily persistent headache. Cephalalgia 22:66–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  63. Mack KJ (2004) What incites new daily persistent headache in children? Pediatr Neurol 31:122–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Martins IP, Parreira E, Costa I (1995) Extratrigeminal icepick status. Headache 35:107–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Mascellino AM, Lay CL, Newman LC (2001) Stabbing headache as the presenting manifestation of intracranial meningioma: a report of two patients. Headache 41:599–601PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Matharu MS, Cohen AS, McGonigle DJ, Wrd N, Frackowiak RSJ, Goadsby PJ (2004) Posterior hypothalamic and brainstem activation in hemicrania continua. Headache 44:747–761PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Matharu MS, Bradbury P, Swash M (2006) Hemicrania continua: side alternation and response to topiramate. Cephalalgia 26:341–344PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Mathew NT (1981) Indomethacin responsive headache syndromes. Headache 21:147–150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Mathew NT, Kailasam J, Meadors L (2008) Botulinum toxin type A for the treatment of nummular headache: four case studies. Headache 48:442–447PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Monteiro JM (1995) Cefaleias. Estudio epidemiologico e clinico de uma população urbana. MD Thesis, PortoGoogle Scholar
  71. Newman LC, Lipton RB, Russell M, Solomon S (1992) Hemicrania continua: attacks may alternate sides. Headache 32:237–238PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Newman LC, Lipton RB, Solomon S (1994) Hemicrania continua: ten new cases and a review of the literature. Neurology 44:2111–2114PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Nobre ME, Filho PF, Dominici M (2003) Cluster headache associated with sleep apnoea. Cephalalgia 23:276–279PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Pareja JA (1995) Hemicrania continua: remitting stage evolved from the chronic form. Headache 35:161–162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Pareja JA, Caminero AB (2006) Supraorbital neuralgia. Curr Pain Headache Rep 10:302–305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Pareja JA, Sjaastad O (1994) SUNCT syndrome in the female. Headache 34:217–220PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Pareja JA, Sjaastad O (1996) Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and hemicrania continua. Interval between indomethacin administration and response. Headache 36:20–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Pareja JA, Sjaastad O (2010) Primary stabbing headache. In: Nappi G, Moskowitz MA (eds) Handbook of clinical neurology, vol 97, Headache (3 rd series). Elsevier BV, Amsterdam, pp 445–449Google Scholar
  79. Pareja JA, Ruiz J, de Isla C, Al-Sabbah H, Espejo J (1996) Idiopathic stabbing headache (jabs and jolts syndrome). Cephalalgia 16:93–96PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Pareja JA, Kruszewski P, Caminero AB (1999) SUNCT syndrome versus idiopathic stabbing headache (jabs and jolts syndrome). Cephalalgia 19(Suppl 25):46–48PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. Pareja JA, Vincent M, Antonaci F, Sjaastad O (2001a) Hemicrania continua. Diagnostic criteria and nosologic status. Cephalalgia 21:874–877PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Pareja JA, Antonaci F, Vincent M (2001b) The hemicrania continua diagnosis. Cephalalgia 21:940–946PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Pareja JA, Caminero AB, Franco E, Casado JL, Pascual J, Sánchez del Río M (2001c) Dose, efficacy and tolerability of long-term indomethacin treatment of chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and hemicrania continua. Cephalalgia 21:906–910PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Pareja JA, Caminero AB, Serra J, Barriga FJ, Dobato JL, Barón M, Vela L, Sánchez del Río M (2002) Numular headache: a coin-shaped cephalgia. Neurology 58:1678–1679PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Pareja JA, Pareja J, Yangüela J (2003) Nummular headache, trochleitis, supraorbital neuralgia, and other epicranial headaches and neuralgias: the epicranias. J Headache Pain 4:125–131Google Scholar
  86. Pareja JA, Pareja J, Barriga FJ, Barón M, Dobato JL, Pardo J, Sánchez C, Vela L (2004) Nummular headache. A prospective series of 14 new cases. Headache 44:611–614PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Pareja JA, Cuadrado ML, Fernández de las Peñas C, Nieto C, Sols M, Pinedo M (2008) Nummular headache with trophic changes inside the painful area. Cephalalgia 28:186–190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Pasquier F, Leys D, Petit H (1987) Hemicrania continua: the first bilateral case. Cephalalgia 7:169–170PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Peres MFP, Zuckerman E (2000) Hemicrania continua responsive to rofecoxib. Cephalalgia 20:130–131PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Peres MFP, Silberstein SD, Nahmias S, Sechter AL, Youssef I, Rozen TED (2001) Hemicrania continua is not that rare. Neurology 57:948–951PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. Peres MF, Zuckerman E, Porto PP, Brandt RA (2004) Headaches and pineal cyst: a (more than) coincidental relationship? Headache 44:929–930PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Pfaffenrath V, Pollmann W, Ruther E, Lund R, Hajak G (1986) Onset of nocturnal attacks of chronic cluster headache in relation to sleep stages. Acta Neurol Scand 73:403–407PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Pinesi L, Rainero I, Cicolin A, Zibetti M, Gentile S, Mutani R (2003) Hypnic headache syndrome: association of the attacks with REM sleep. Cephalalgia 23:150–154Google Scholar
  94. Piovesan EJ, Kowacs P, Lange M, Pachecs C, Piovesan L, Werneck L (2001) Prevalencia e caracteristicas de cefaleia idiopatica em punhaladas em uma população de migranoses. Arq Neuropsychiatr 59:201–225Google Scholar
  95. Piovesan EJ, Zuckerman E, Kowacs PA, Werneck LC (2002) COX-2 inhibitor for the treatment of idiopathic stabbing headache secondary to cerebrovascular diseases. Cephalalgia 22:197–200PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Raskin NH (1988) The hypnic headache syndrome. Headache 28:534–536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Raskin NH, Schwartz RK (1980) Icepick-like pain. Neurology 3:203–205Google Scholar
  98. Rasmussen BK (1995) Epidemiology of headache. Cephalalgia 15:45–68PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Rogalewski A, Evers S (2005) Symptomatic hemicrania continua after internal carotid dissection. Headache 45:167–169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Rozen TD (2003a) Melatonin as treatment for idiopathic stabbing headache. Neurology 61:865–866PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Rozen TD (2003b) New daily persistent headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep 7:218–223PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Rozen TD (2006) Melatonin responsive hemicrania continua. Headache 46:1203–1204PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Rozen TD (2009) Can indomethacin act as a disease modifying agent in hemicrania continua? A supportive clinical case. Headache 49:759–761PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Ruscheweyh R, Buchheister A, Gregor N, Jung A, Evers S (2010) Nummular headache: six new cases and lancinating pain attacks as possible manifestation. Cephalalgia 30(2):249–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Schwedt T, Dodick D, Trentman T, Zimmerman R (2006) Occipital nerve stimulation for chronic cluster headache and hemicrania continua: pain relief and persistence of autonomic featues. Cephalalgia 26:1025–1027PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Schwedt T, Dodick D, Hentz J, Trentman T, Zimmerman R (2007) Occipital nerve stimulation for chronic headache. Long term safety and efficacy. Cephalalgia 27:153–157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Seo MW, Park SH (2005) Botulinum toxin treatment in nummular headache. Cephalalgia 25:991, AbstractGoogle Scholar
  108. Silberstein SD, Lipton RB, Solomon S, Mathew NT (1994) Classification of daily and near daily headaches: proposed revisions to the IHS-criteria. Headache 34:1–7Google Scholar
  109. Sjaastad O, Antonaci F (1995) A piroxicam derivative partly effective in chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and hemicrania continua. Headache 35:549–550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Sjaastad O, Bakketeig LS (2006) Migraine with aura: visual disturbances and interrelationship with the pain phase. J Headache Pain 7:127–135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Sjaastad O, Spierings ELH (1984) Hemicrania continua: another headache absolutely responsive to indomethacin. Cephalalgia 4:65–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Sjaastad O, Egge K, Horven I, Kayed K, Lund-Roland L, Russell D, Slordahl Conradi I (1979) Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania. Mechanical precipitation of attacks. Headache 19:31–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Sjaastad O, Pettersen H, Bakketeig LS (2001) The Vågå study; epidemiology of headache I: The prevalence of ultrashort paroxysms. Cephalalgia 21:207–215PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Sjaastad O, Pettersen H, Bakketeig LS (2002) The Vågå study of headache epidemiology II. jabs: clinical manifestations. Acta Neurol Scand 105:25–31PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Sjaastad O, Pettersen H, Bakketeig LS (2003) Extracephalic jabs/idiopathic stabs. Vågå study of headache epidemiology. Cephalalgia 23:50–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Sjaastad O, Petersen HC, Bakketeig LS (2004) Supraorbital neuralgia. Vågå study of headache epidemiology. Cephalalgia 25:296–304Google Scholar
  117. Soriani S, Battistella PA, Arnaldi C, De Cralo L, Cernetti R, Corra S, Tosato G (1996) Juvenile idiopathic stabbing headache. Headache 36:565–567PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Spears RC (2006) Hemicrania continua. A case in which a patient experienced complete relief on melatonin. Headache 46:524–527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Spitz M, Peres MF (2004) Hemicrania continua postpartum. Cephalalgia 24:603–604PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Takase Y, Nakano M, Tatsumi C, Matsuyama T (2004) Clinical features, effectiveness of drug-based treatment, and prognosis of new daily persistent headache (NDPH): 30 cases in Japan. Cephalalgia 24:955–959PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Trucco M (2007) Nummular headache: another headache treated with gabapentine. J Headache Pain 8:137–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Trucco M, Antonaci F, Sandrini G (1992) Hemicrania continua: a case responsive to piroxicam-beta-cyclodextrin. Headache 19:442Google Scholar
  123. Trucco M, Mainardi F, Perego G, Zanchin G (2006) Nummular headache: first Italian case and therapeutic proposal. Cephalalgia 26:354–356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Valença MM, Andrade-Valença LP, da Silva WF, Dodick DW (2007) Hemicrania continua secondary to an ipsilateral brainstem lesion. Headache 47:438–441PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Vanast WJ (1986) New daily persistent headaches definition of a benign syndrome. Headache 26:318Google Scholar
  126. Vieira JP, Salgueiro AB, Alfaro M (2006) Short-lasting headaches in children. Cephalalgia 26:1220–1224PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Zacaria A, Graber M, Davis P (2000) Idiopathic stabbing headache associated with monocular vision loss. Arch Neurol 57:745–746Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Lifting The Burden 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyUniversity of MünsterMünsterGermany
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyHospital Quirón MadridMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations