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Ophthalmic Manifestations Associated with Multiple Sclerosis

  • William R. Rhoades
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
  • Mohamed Soliman
  • Sachin Kedar
  • Rana K. Zabad
  • Neil Jouvenat
  • Quan Dong Nguyen
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic progressive neurological disorder characterized by demyelination. Ocular involvement and uveitis may occur during the course of the disease and may have a waxing and waning course. Often, ocular manifestations may be the presenting features of the disease. For an ophthalmologist, the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis may be challenging based on ocular features alone. While most patients have excellent visual recovery, some may progress to permanent visual loss due to its severe debilitating sequelae. In the following chapter, important ophthalmic manifestations in patients with multiple sclerosis are highlighted.

Keywords

Multiple Sclerosis Optical Coherence Tomography Macular Edema Optic Neuritis Optic Nerve Head 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • William R. Rhoades
    • 1
  • Aniruddha Agarwal
    • 4
  • Mohamed Soliman
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sachin Kedar
    • 1
    • 3
  • Rana K. Zabad
    • 3
  • Neil Jouvenat
    • 3
  • Quan Dong Nguyen
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanley M. Truhlsen Eye InstituteUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  2. 2.Department of OphthalmologyAssiut University Hospital, Assiut UniversityAssuitEgypt
  3. 3.Department of Neurological SciencesUniversity of Nebraska Medical CenterOmahaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Ophthalmology, Advanced Eye CentrePost Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhIndia

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